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INDEX

International Maritime Conventions Volume II: Navigation, Securities, Limitation of Liability

INDEX

INDEX

  • abandoned ships 292
  • accidental collision 15, 16
  • accidents or incidents of navigation other than collision 89, 40, 1434, 256
  • agency fees, brokerages or commissions 297
  • air-cushion vehicles 356
  • Albania 279
  • allision 144
  • Amoco Cadiz accident 69, 90, 96
  • arbitration: arrest of vessels 248, 262, 2657, 326; collision 20; salvage: interim payments 1223; salvage: publication of awards 1245
  • archaeological objects 813, 120
  • Argentina 219
  • arrest of sea-going ships: 1952 Convention 279; arrest, notion of 199200, 231; burden of proof 2213; charter by demise 22732, 2446; claims in respect of which ship may be arrested 20923; (claims): agreement relating to use or hire of ship 212; (claims): bottomry 213; (claims): carriage of goods 212; (claims): construction, repair or equipment 21617; (claims): damage caused by any ship 211; (claims): disputes between co-owners 21820; (claims): dock charges and dues 217; (claims): general average 213; (claims): goods or materials whenever supplied 21316; (claims): loss of life or personal injury 21112; (claims): master’s disbursements 218; (claims): mortgage or hypothecation of any ship 2201; (claims): pilotage 213; (claims): salvage 212; (claims): title to or ownership of any ship 218; (claims): towage 213; (claims): wages 41, 21718; history 1979; jurisdiction for arrest 24658; jurisdiction on the merits 26773; release of ship 232, 25968; reservations 2012; scope of application 71, 199202; scope of application: excluded measures 2029; ships that may be arrested 200, 22346; (ships): claim by owner of chartered ship against charterer 2339; (ships): not owned by person liable 22632; (ships): re-arrest and multiple arrest 23946; (ships): in respect of which claim has arisen or sister ship 2236; wrongful arrest, liability of claimant for 267
  • arrest of ships: 1952 Convention see arrest of sea-going ships; collision and civil jurisdiction 345; Collision Convention 1910: extension of prescription period 267; law costs due to state 141; maritime liens 156, 161, 171, 172, 1812, 2267, 229, 230; salvage 122, 212, 28990; seizure and 1878, 202, 2423
  • arrest of ships: 1999 Convention: arrest, notion of 2802; burden of proof 31415; claims in respect of which ship may be arrested 28798; (claims): agreement relating to use or hire of ship 293; (claims): carriage of goods or passengers 293; (claims): co-owners 297; (claims): commissions, brokerages or agency fees 297; (claims): contract for sale of ship 298; (claims): disbursements 2956; (claims): dues and charges 2945; (claims): general average 293; (claims): good, materials, provisions, bunkers, equipment 294; (claims): insurance premiums 296; (claims): loss or damage caused by operation of ship 289; (claims): loss of life or personal injury 289; (claims): mortgages or hypothèques 298; (claims): ownership or possession 297; (claims): preventative measures to avoid pollution damage 2902; (claims): (re)construction, repair, converting or equipping 294; (claims): salvage 173, 28990; (claims): sunk, wrecked, stranded or abandoned ships 292; demise charterer 3002; enforcement of arrest 31516; excluded ships 2837; history 2749; intended navigation 2823; jurisdiction for arrest 31214; jurisdiction on the merits 3236; layout and structure 280; nationality of ships that may be arrested 282; parties 279; recognition and enforcement of judgments 3268; release of security 3202; release of ship from arrest 31620; sea-going or not 2823; ships that may be arrested 299311; (ships): associated ships 3079; (ships): not owned by person liable 307; (ships): other ships owned by person liable 306; (ships): re-arrest and multiple arrest 30911; (ships): in respect of which claim is asserted 299306; wrongful arrest, liability for 3223
  • assistance: obligation to render assistance to persons in danger 678, 88, 98; post-collision obligations 279, 41, 88
  • associated ships, arrest of 3079
  • Australia 2356, 2378
  • Cameroon 279
  • Canada 260
  • cas fortuit: 1910 Collision Convention 15, 16
  • CEMAC (Communauté Economique et Monétaire de l’Afrique Centrale) 279
  • Central African Republic 279
  • certificates of competence to seamen 42
  • Chad 279
  • charges, registrable 1667, 298, 3023; see also mortgages: 1993 Convention
  • China 278, 279
  • choice of court agreements: collision 36
  • civil jurisdiction: collision 318
  • co-owners: arrest of ships and disputes between 21820, 238, 258, 2978
  • collective bargaining agreements 148
  • collision: 1910 Convention: accidents covered (collision need not have taken place) 78; apportionment of damages 5, 1720; burden of proof 5, 1213; death or personal injury 6, 1921; formalities, absence of 5, 234; history 37; language, official 7; liability regime 1223; limitation of liability 23, 30; limitation periods 257, 1567; no liability conceivable 1416; non-observation of regulations 8; obligations of contracting parties 29, 88; parties to 32; personal injury or loss of life 6, 1921; pilots 19, 213; post-collision obligations 279, 41; presumptions, absence of legal 245; prior liability regimes 12; relation with other Conventions or national laws 30; scope of application 711, 32, 71; two or more ships at fault 1719; unilateral fault 1617
  • collision: civil jurisdiction (1952 Convention) 31; cases to which Convention does not apply 323; choice of court agreements 36; counterclaims 367; courts in which action may be brought 336; parties to 31; place of collision 35; prohibition on bringing further action 356; rules of procedure 368; scope of application 32
  • collision: penal jurisdiction (1952 Convention) 39; circumstances in which flag relevant 412; conflict with other Conventions 423, 2567; nature of event 40; parties to 39; place where event occurred 41; position of persons involved 41; scope of application 3941
  • collision: arrest of ships 211, 2289, 230, 231, 269; maritime liens and indemnities for collision or other accident of navigation 1434
  • Colombia 278, 279
  • commissions, brokerages or agency fees 297
  • Communauté Economique et Monétaire de l’Afrique Centrale (CEMAC) 279
  • conflict between Conventions 423, 147, 2567
  • Congo 279
  • consent 181, 186, 187, 191, 192, 260; deregistration of vessels 16970
  • containers/container ships 57, 60, 11920, 143, 174, 215, 289, 294, 347, 376
  • corporate veil, piercing 3079
  • Costa Concordia accident 61, 107, 377
  • court, payment into 260
  • crew 21920; abandoned ship (by owners) 292; arrest of ships 41, 21718, 220, 295; collision: 1910 Convention 11, 13, 23, 28, 41; collision: civil jurisdiction (1952 Convention) 33, 34; collision or other incidents of navigation: penal jurisdiction (1952 Convention) 41, 42; criminal proceedings 42; disciplinary proceedings 42; employment contract see separate entry; maritime liens 142, 144, 148, 152, 158, 1723, 1778, 182; salvage 52, 556, 5960, 667, 71, 116
  • criminal jurisdiction: collision and other incidents of navigation (1952 Convention) 3943, 2578
  • cruise/passenger ships 142, 172, 377
  • cultural heritage, underwater 813, 120
  • Ecuador 278, 279
  • ejusdem generis 287, 317
  • employment contract: arrest of ships 41, 21718, 220, 295; limitation of liability, claims excepted from 341, 342, 3689; maritime liens 142, 148, 152, 158, 1723, 1778, 182; salvage: services rendered by crew of vessel in danger 556; salvors 116
  • environment: arrest of ships 2913; detention of ships by governments or public authorities 205, 206, 2089; salvage: protection of 85, 87, 88, 90, 912, 93, 948, 1034, 10914, 116, 118; see also pollution damage
  • Equatorial Guinea 279
  • Erika accident 98
  • European Union: collision and death or personal injury 21; detention of ships by governments or public authorities 206, 2089; forced sale and change of registration 190; foreign order of arrest, enforcement of 2512; jurisdiction 34; jurisdiction for arrest 2512, 255, 2567; oil tankers 2089; salvage: places of refuge 107
  • exclusive economic zone 71; arrest of ships 206; wrecks 834
  • Gabon 280
  • gages 139
  • general average: arrest of ships 213, 228, 2378, 293, 308; limitation of liability: 1957 Convention 177, 343; limitation of liability: 1976/1996 Convention 366; maritime liens 143, 150, 173, 1778
  • Germany 33; maritime liens 1445, 151, 152, 1534
  • governments or public authorities: detention of ships by 2039, 2845
  • Greece 253
  • habitual residence or place of business: arrest 2001, 244, 269, 283; collision 34
  • harbour/dock/port dues and charges 142, 149, 1734, 217, 218, 294, 295
  • hazardous and noxious substances 104, 174, 209
  • health and safety: detention of ships by governments or public authorities 205, 2067, 208; see also environment; pollution damage
  • heritage, underwater cultural 813, 120
  • High Speed Craft, International Code of Safety for (HSC Code) 207
  • historical objects 813, 120
  • history: 1910 Collision Convention 37; arrest of sea-going ships: 1952 Convention 1979; arrest of ships: 1999 Convention 2749; limitation of liability: 1957 Convention 3313; limitation of liability: 1976/1996 Convention 3534; maritime liens and mortgages: 1926 and 1993 Conventions 1314, 1624
  • Hong Kong 234
  • hotels 291
  • humanitarian cargoes: payment for salvage services 1267
  • hypothecation 139, 220
  • hypothèques see mortgages
  • immunity of state-owned ships 9, 147, 165, 284
  • incidents or accidents of navigation other than collision 89, 40, 1434, 256
  • indemnities: maritime liens 1436
  • India 278
  • information: collision: 1910 Convention 289; maritime liens 1601; notice of forced sale 1846; publication of arbitral awards 1245; registers open to public 167, 168; salvage 93, 1245
  • inland navigation, ships of: arrest of ships 2823; collision 89, 32; maritime liens and mortgages 135, 166; salvage 512
  • insolvency proceedings: arrest of ships 2023, 285
  • insurance 173, 216, 278, 295, 296
  • interest: right of salvor to 124
  • interim payments: salvage 78, 1223
  • International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention (ISM Code) 208
  • International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) 207
  • International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea 206
  • interpretation of treaties 228; ordinary meaning of terms 231
  • Italy 1356, 140; arrest of ships 250, 252, 255; maritime liens 144, 161, 182; part-ownership of ship 219
  • joint and several liability 372; collision 5, 7, 1921; salvage 656, 1089, 121
  • jurisdiction: Admiralty Court 242; for arrest 24658; collision: 1952 Convention on civil 318; collision or other incidents of navigation: 1952 Convention on penal 3943; maritime liens and mortgages 165; on the merits 26773; salvage 78; territorial waters 165
  • jurisdiction for arrest: 1952 Convention 246; after ship has sailed 251; authorised by judicial authority 2468; authorised by judicial authority of contracting state in which arrest made 24850; before arrival of ship 2501; choice of judicial authority 252; exclusive jurisdiction: 1952 Convention on Penal Jurisdiction and UNCLOS 2567; foreign court, arrest pursuant to order of 2512; lis pendens 2578; no jurisdiction on the merits and 2534; ports form part of coast 249; ships ready to sail 249, 250; when court has jurisdiction on the merits but ship not within jurisdiction 2545; when decision on the merits already obtained 255
  • jurisdiction for arrest: 1999 Convention 31214
  • jurisdiction on the merits: 1952 Convention 26773; jurisdiction for arrest when no 2534
  • jurisdiction on the merits: 1999 Convention: exceptions to general rule 325; general rule 3235; time by which proceedings on merits must be brought 3256
  • Latvia 280
  • liability salvage, exclusion of 723
  • life, loss of: arrest of ship 21112, 289; collision: 1910 Convention 6, 1921; maritime liens 173, 177, 178
  • limitation of liability: 1957 Convention 154; arrest of ships 203; burden of proof 342, 3434; claims where benefit of limitation applicable 33741; collision caused by pilot: 1910 Convention 223; direct liability principle 341; excepted form limitation, claims 3412; history 3313; limitation fund, constitution of 3478; limitation fund, distribution of 34852; limits of liability 3467; loss of right to limit 3425; maritime liens 1778, 334; persons entitled to limit 3346; reservations allowed by Protocol of signature 352; scope of application 3334; ships to which applicable 336; single and cross liability 341
  • limitation of liability: 1976/1996 Convention 154; aggregation of claims 380; arrest of ships 203, 285, 286; bar to other actions 3857; claims where benefit of limitation applicable 3626; collision caused by pilot: 1910 Convention 223; excepted from limitation, claims 3669; history 3545; intended navigation 2823; invoking limitation of liability 3805; limitation without constitution of fund 3878; limits of liability 37280; loss of right to limit 36972; maritime liens 1778; persons entitled to limit 3601; reservations 38890; scope of application 71, 35460; scope of application: exclusions from 35560; single liability principle 366
  • limitation periods: assistance 68; collision 257, 1567; extension of 267, 1589; maritime liens 1559, 160, 161, 1789, 1812; salvage 68, 1234
  • lis pendens 2578
  • maritime liens: and arrest of ships 156, 161, 171, 172, 1812, 2267, 231, 278, 301, 302, 3046; salvage: 1989 Convention 1201
  • maritime liens: 1926 Convention 41; categories of claims secured by 1405, 21314, 215; countries in force in 134; droit de suite 146, 15961; expenses incurred to preserve vessel or procure sale 1412; extinction of 1559; forced sale 141, 159; history 1314; indemnities 1436; language, official 134; law costs due to state 141; national 146, 1601; properties on which can be enforced 14751; ranking of claims inter se and in respect of hypothèques 146, 1524; sale of vessel 141, 15961; scope of application 1348
  • maritime liens: 1993 Convention 295; bareboat registration 192; claims secured by 1714; claims set out in Art_4(1) not secured by 174; droit de suite 178, 1801; extinction of 178, 1812; forced sale 169, 171, 175, 180, 181, 182, 18390; history 1624; national maritime liens and rights of retention 17880; parties to 164; priorities, extent to which limitation proceedings may affect 1778; priority of Convention maritime liens and of registered securities 1756, 192; ranking inter se 1767; rule pursuant to which maritime liens travel with claims 1823; scope of application 165; vessels to which applies 1656
  • misconduct of salvor, effect of 11819
  • mortgages 279; arrest of ships 2201, 260, 298, 3023; extinction period for maritime liens 155, 157, 159
  • mortgages: 1926 Convention; countries in force in 134; forced sale 159; history 1314; provisions on 13840; ranking of claims secured by maritime liens inter se and in respect of hypothèques 146, 1524; scope of application 1348
  • mortgages: 1993 Convention; bareboat registration 1903; change of registration of vessel 16971; forced sale 167, 171, 18390, 193; history 1624; parties to 164; priorities, extent to which limitation proceedings may affect 1778; priority of Convention maritime liens and of registered securities 1756, 192; provisions of hypothèques, charges and 16671; ranking of registered securities inter se 1689; registrable charges 1667; scope of application 165, 1667; vessels to which applies 1656
  • multiple arrest see re-arrest
  • P & I Club 279; letter of undertaking 260
  • passenger/cruise ships 142, 172, 379
  • penal arrest of ships 203
  • penal jurisdiction: collision and other incidents of navigation (1952 Convention) 3943, 2567
  • pension contributions 218
  • perpetuatio jurisdictionis 251
  • personal injury: arrest of ship 21112, 289; collision: 1910 Convention 6, 1921; maritime liens 173, 177, 178; maritime liens and indemnities for 144
  • Peru 278, 279
  • pilots/pilotage: arrest of ships 213, 238, 294; collision 19, 213; maritime liens and dues 142, 1734; pollution damage 41; salvage 55
  • place of business or habitual residence: arrest 2001, 244, 269, 283; collision 34
  • platforms 75, 767, 358
  • pollution damage 69, 174; CLC Convention 1992 41, 71, 845, 11112, 209, 2856; salvage: rights of coastal states 945; seaworthiness of vessels to avoid 205; see also environment
  • Port State Control: IMO Procedures for 205; Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) 2045
  • port/harbour/dock dues and charges 142, 149, 1734, 217, 218, 294, 295
  • ports/places of refuge 978, 1067
  • possession of ship, arrest of ship in respect of disputes as to 2378, 258, 297, 304
  • possessory liens 179, 180
  • posterior potior est priori 152
  • prescription periods see limitation periods
  • Prestige accident 98
  • presumptions, collision and absence of legal 245
  • pretius succedit in locum rei 150
  • public authorities 293; detention of ships by 2039, 2845; salvage operations controlled by 805
  • public service see state-owned ships
  • re-arrest and multiple arrest: 1952 Convention 2389; prohibition of re-arrest 23940; remedy in case of breach of prohibition 241; situations in which re-arrest permitted 2416
  • re-arrest and multiple arrest: 1999 Convention 3911
  • recognition and enforcement of judgments 3268
  • refuge, ports/places of 978, 1067
  • registrable charges 1667, 298, 3023; see also mortgages: 1993 Convention
  • registration 165; bareboat 1903; change of 16971, 1801, 190; mortgages, hypothèques and charges 167, 168; see also nationality of ships
  • release of security: 1999 Arrest Convention 3202
  • release for ship from arrest: 1952 Convention 232, 2578; bail or other security 25860; failure to bring timely proceedings on the merits 2627; linkage between proceedings for arrest and proceedings on the merits 2601
  • release for ship from arrest: 1999 Convention 31620
  • repairers, ship 228; rights of retention 84, 162, 169, 176, 178, 17980, 184, 186, 188, 294
  • res judicata 36
  • respondentia 139, 213, 220
  • retention, rights of 84, 162, 169, 176, 178, 17980, 184, 186, 188, 294
  • Rhine River 323, 270
  • Roman law 150, 152, 154
  • Russian Federation 248, 279
  • safety and health: detention of ships by governments or public authorities 205, 2067, 208; see also environment; pollution damage
  • sale of ship: arrest of ships and dispute arising out of contract for 299; forced sale see separate entry; maritime liens 15961, 169, 178, 179; mortgages, hypothèques or charges 16971
  • salvage: arrest of ship 122, 212, 229, 230, 231, 237, 269, 28990; maritime liens 1423, 1501, 173, 1778
  • salvage: 1989 Convention 6970, 143, 3689; abnormal amount of reward 878; assistance, duty to render 88, 98; claims and actions 1207; cultural heritage 813, 120; danger, notion of 7980; definition of property 756; definition of salvage 723, 143; definition of vessel 734; duties of owner and master 924; duties of salvor 902; excluded vessels or other property 769; geographical scope 71; humanitarian cargoes 1267; interest 124; interim payments 1223; liability salvage, exclusion of 723; limitations of actions 1234; mandatory provisions 86, 879; maritime liens 1201; non-mandatory provisions 86, 89; parties to 70; performance of salvage operations 908; provisions that do not concern relationship between salvors and owners 86, 8990; public authorities, salvage operations controlled by 805; publication of arbitral awards 1245; salvors, rights of see separate entry; scope of application 7180; security, duty to provide 1212; state-owned cargoes 1256; states, rights and cooperation of 948; undue influence of danger 87
  • salvage and assistance: 1910 Convention 478, 143, 344; amount of remuneration 613; apportionment of remuneration 667; assistance to persons in danger, obligation to render 27, 678; burden of proof 63; by whom and to whom services may be rendered 527; challenging terms of salvage agreement 645; conditions for entitlement to remuneration 5960; danger, notion of 5960; from whom salvage remuneration is due 656; language 48; limitation of actions 68; nature of services 49; no remuneration due 63; persons, salvage of 62, 67; place 52; remuneration due to salvor 41, 5767; scope of application 4957; subject matter of services 4952; ‘things on board’ 52, 57; useful result 60
  • salvors, rights of (1989 Convention) 88; apportionment between owner, master and crew 116; apportionment between salvors 11516; by whom reward must be paid 1089; conditions for reward 989; criteria for fixing reward 85, 88, 1008; fair rate for equipment and personnel 11214; misconduct of salvor, effect of 11819; out-of-pocket expenses 112, 113; persons, salvage of 11617; prohibition of salvage operations 11920; SCOPIC Clause 11415; services rendered under existing contracts 11718; special compensation 10914, 11617, 143
  • SCOPIC Clause 11415
  • sea-going ships: arrest of sea-going ships: 1952 Convention see separate entry; arrest of ships: 1999 Convention 2823; collision: 1910 Convention 89, 11; collision: civil jurisdiction (1952 Convention) 32; limitation of liability: 1957 Convention 3386; limitation of liability: 1976/1996 Convention 3589; maritime liens and mortgages: 1926 Convention 135; maritime liens and mortgages: 1993 Convention 1656; meaning 9, 166, 336; salvage and assistance: 1910 Convention 512
  • seaworthiness of vessels 205
  • security 156, 182, 202, 203, 232; release of ship from arrest upon bail or other 25860; salvage 1202, 177
  • seizure and arrest 1878, 202, 2423
  • severance pay 218
  • shipbuilders: rights of retention 84, 162, 169, 176, 178, 17980, 184, 186, 188, 294
  • Singapore 233
  • single ship companies 308
  • sister ship arrest provision 2236, 2337, 243, 244
  • Slovenia 251, 252, 255, 279
  • social insurance 1723, 218, 295
  • solicitors 260
  • Spain 75, 219, 251, 252, 255
  • state-owned cargoes: salvage 1256
  • state-owned ships 126, 284; collision 9; immunity 9, 147, 165, 284; maritime liens and mortgages 135, 147, 165; salvage 534, 779, 89
  • subrogation 1823, 241, 283; objective 150
  • sunken ships 143, 175, 189, 212, 292, 339, 361; 1910 Salvage Convention 50; 1989 Salvage Convention 74, 75, 76, 107
  • Sweden 251, 252, 255
  • Switzerland 33

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