We use cookies to improve your website experience. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. By continuing to use the website, you consent to our use of cookies. Close

Index

EU Shipping Law

Page 1821 Index Index abuse of dominant position definition 10.156 – 10.160 ports 13.026 – 13.028 Regulation 4056/86 11.085 – 11.086 Algeria, maritime transport between Italy and 25.062 anti-fouling systems 20.001 – 20.029 see also organotin associations, and lobby groups 3.090 Austria, shipping analysis 2.029 Belgium cabotage and 7.059 ratification/accession to UN Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences 9.075 shipping analysis 2.031 – 2.033 Benelux Union 3.010 – 3.011 block exemptions 10.111 – 10.115 agreements between transport users and conferences 11.082 consortia 5.098 , 5.104 general regulation on State aid 15.115 – 15.121 for liner conferences 11.059 – 11.081 Bodson report 5.011 Bonn agreement 19.156 – 19.181 Brazil, maritime transport agreements 25.082 – 25.091 , 25.092 – 25.102 Brexit 48.001 – 48.064 chronology 48.010 – 48.027 definition 48.002 implications for EU shipping law and policy 48.028 – 48.030 competition law 48.042 conclusions 48.061 – 48.064 contracts 48.052 customs 48.056 discrimination on the basis of nationality 48.035 divergence between EU and UK law 48.048 employment and seafarer qualifications 48.038 – 48.039 environmental law 48.051 ferry operators 48.059 free movement of services in the maritime sector 48.032 – 48.034 freedom of establishment and registration of vessels 48.031 Ireland 48.060 litigation 48.045 – 48.047 marine equipment 48.040 merger control in the maritime sector 48.043 movement of live animals 48.055 passenger rights 48.053 – 48.054 post-Brexit expectations for port services 43.024 safety 48.036 – 48.037 sanctions regime 48.049 ship finance 48.050 ship recycling 48.041 State aid 48.044 trade 48.058 Brussels I Regulation see cross-border litigation, Brussels I Regulation Bulgaria, shipping analysis 2.034 – 2.035 bulk carriers, safe loading and unloading Directive 2001/96 46.147 – 46.167 definitions 46.151 operational suitability requirements 46.152 – 46.153 procedures between bulk carriers and terminals 46.156 purpose 46.149 repair of damage incurred 46.158 responsibilities of masters and terminal representatives 46.155 role of competent authorities 46.157 scope 46.150 temporary authorisation 46.154 verification and reporting 46.159 – 46.167 Page 1822 cabotage 5.107 – 5.108 arguments for and against 7.048 – 7.049 benefits 7.078 commercial overview 7.047 and competition law 7.112 – 7.116 , 12.180 – 12.181 concepts of 7.044 – 7.046 development of EU law 7.064 – 7.070 and Euros-registered ships 7.081 liberalisation 5.142 in member states 7.050 – 7.063 with limited restrictions 7.061 with restrictions 7.051 – 7.058 without restrictions 7.058 – 7.063 monitoring national law 7.108 Regulation 3577/92 7.071 beneficiaries 7.080 crewing and 7.094 – 7.098 evaluation 7.106 – 7.107 implementation 7.082 – 7.087 key concepts 7.072 legal basis 7.079 operation of 7.088 – 7.089 public service obligations and 7.090 – 7.093 serious disturbances in the market and 7.099 – 7.104 suspensory effect 7.086 – 7.087 temporary provision of services 7.105 Cambodia, maritime transport cooperation agreement 25.063 – 25.075 carbon dioxide emissions see under pollution cargo movement of 2.006 sharing 7.030 – 7.034 taxation of 7.138 – 7.144 carriage of goods and passengers 46.001 – 46.190 Athens Protocol 2002 Decision 2012/22 46.130 – 46.137 Decision 2012/23 46.138 – 46.146 containers, ratification of CSC 46.003 definition 46.053 Directive 2009/42 46.049 – 46.071 accuracy 46.057 amendments background 46.066 – 46.071 background 46.052 Committee procedure 46.062 – 46.065 concepts 46.053 data collection 46.054 – 46.055 dissemination of data 46.061 ports 46.056 processing 46.058 reports 46.060 transmission of data 46.059 fare reductions for Spanish nationals resident in the Canary Islands/Balearic Islands, Decision 87/359 46.126 – 46.129 insurance of shipowners for maritime claims, Directive 2009/20 46.181 – 46.190 publication of the list of passenger ships notified by Greece, Decision 1999/461 46.174 – 46.175 safe loading and unloading of bulk carriers, Directive 2001/96 46.147 – 46.167 vessels carrying dangerous/polluting goods Directive 93/75 46.168 – 46.170 Directive 96/127 46.176 – 46.177 Directive 96/710 46.171 – 46.173 , 46.178 – 46.180 see also bulk carriers; passengers carriage of hazardous and noxious substances, HNS Convention 21.001 – 21.012 Central Europe 3.027 China, maritime transport agreement 25.076 – 25.081 climate change, law and 49.065 Comité Maritime International 49.019 Commission v Netherlands litigation 6.141 – 6.151 Committee on Safe Seas and the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (COSS), establishment 26.011 Common Maritime Policy 5.058 – 5.068 Common Transport Policy (CTP) 4.003 – 4.004 , 4.077 Community Shipping, competitiveness resolution 5.129 competition, and EU shipping policy 1.028 – 1.029 competition law 10.001 – 10.224 anti-competitive arrangements, examples 10.206 applicability 10.016 , 10.018 Article 101 10.052 – 10.115 agreements falling outside 10.086 – 10.096 basic concepts in 10.054 – 10.103 burden of proof 10.097 exemption 10.102 – 10.103 exemption conditions 10.106 – 10.109 individual exemptions 10.110 inter-State trade effects 10.079 – 10.085 prevention, restriction or distortion of competition 10.074 – 10.076 , 10.077 – 10.078 prior to 1 May 2004 10.103 – 10.104 since 1 May 2004 10.105 text of 10.053 voidness 10.098 – 10.101 Article 102 10.116 – 10.160 Page 1823 concept of dominance 10.124 – 10.125 conditions for application 10.122 defining abuse of dominant position 10.156 – 10.160 determining a dominant position 10.126 – 10.142 determining market power 10.143 – 10.155 economic evidence 10.119 economic rationale 10.121 interpretation 10.120 text of 10.118 undertakings 10.123 Article 106 10.199 – 10.205 block exemptions 10.111 – 10.115 bulk liquids by sea on deep sea routes case 10.219 in the context of cabotage 7.112 – 7.116 , 12.180 – 12.181 direct applicability of Articles 101–102 10.019 enforcement of Articles 101–102 10.161 – 10.192 burden/standards of proof 10.183 – 10.184 Commission’s role 10.164 – 10.167 complaints 10.176 conduct of proceedings 10.179 – 10.192 fines 10.186 – 10.189 initiation of proceedings 10.175 interim measures 10.191 international dimension 10.198 Member States’ role 10.167 – 10.174 national competition laws and 10.196 own-initiative investigations 10.177 by private parties 10.193 – 10.195 remedies 10.190 sectoral investigations/study 10.178 termination of proceedings 10.192 Ferry Operators–Currency Surcharges case 10.208 – 10.210 generally 10.009 – 10.051 Greek Ferries case 10.216 – 10.218 GT-Link case 10.224 market definition 10.020 – 10.026 ports 13.001 – 13.096 absence of sector-specific legislation 13.013 abuse of dominant position 13.026 – 13.028 access to ports 13.024 – 13.028 access to services 13.029 – 13.080 anti-competitive arrangements 13.025 application 13.005 – 13.012 application to undertakings 13.019 – 13.022 compliance examples 13.014 – 13.016 general application 13.023 information exchange 13.081 , 13.085 negotiations relating to ports 13.094 – 13.095 pricing 13.086 – 13.093 relevance of 13.002 – 13.004 relevant rules 13.017 , 13.019 and State aid 13.096 P&O/Stena Line case 10.211 – 10.215 Regulation 1419/2006 12.001 – 12.205 adoption of the new regime 12.042 – 12.045 Baltic Max Feeder case 12.199 – 12.201 bulk liquid shipping case 12.193 cabotage 12.180 – 12.181 Commission’s guidelines on maritime services 12.056 – 12.069 compliance with the new regime 12.182 – 12.192 container liner shipping case 12.202 – 12.203 effect of the new regime 12.046 – 12.052 effect on trade between Member States 12.153 – 12.155 IACS case 12.194 – 12.198 information exchange 12.083 – 12.142 liner shipping 12.071 , 12.156 – 12.162 maritime car carriers case 12.204 market definition 12.070 – 12.082 outlook 12.205 self-assessment 12.152 shipping pools 12.143 – 12.151 technical agreements 12.081 – 12.082 tramp shipping 12.072 – 12.080 , 12.163 – 12.179 transitional period 12.053 – 12.055 Regulation 4056/86 11.001 , 12.001 abuse of a dominant position 11.085 – 11.086 application 11.028 – 11.045 assessment 11.140 –<: 11.142 block exemption for agreement between transport users and conferences 11.082 block exemption for liner conferences 11.059 – 11.081 case law 11.138 Commission amendment 11.016 Commission powers 11.108 Commission proposals 11.011 , 11.015 complaints procedure 11.091 – 11.096 conflicts of national laws 11.088 – 11.089 Council adoption 11.017 –<: 11.019 debate on the old regime 12.002 – 12.041 EESC opinion 11.012 entry into force 11.020 European Parliament’s report 11.013 – 11.014 Page 1824 fines and periodic penalty payments 11.118 – 11.124 , 11.127 – 11.130 hearings of parties and others 11.125 – 11.126 individual exemptions 11.102 – 11.107 interpretation of 11.024 – 11.027 investigations 11.114 – 11.117 legal bases 11.021 legal effect 11.023 legislative history 11.008 –<: 11.019 monitoring exempted agreements 11.083 – 11.084 opposition procedure 11.097 – 11.101 reform 11.139 rules of procedure 11.090 – 11.130 technical agreements 11.046 – 11.058 Regulation 4260/88 11.131 – 11.137 communicating awards and recommendations to the Commission 11.137 complaints 11.134 exemption applications procedure 11.135 hearings 11.136 legal basis and background 11.132 notifications 11.133 ship classification case 10.220 – 10.223 undertakings 10.027 – 10.050 see also consortia Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) 25.104 Congress of Europe 3.010 consortia 14.001 – 14.098 Article 101(3) of the TFEU 5.120 block exemptions 5.098 , 5.104 adoption 14.039 – 14.042 current regime 14.043 – 14.048 enabling regulations 14.049 – 14.058 need for 14.036 – 14.038 Regulation 83/2000 5.134 Regulation 611/2005 5.146 Regulation 906/2009 14.059 – 14.097 Regulation 4056/86 14.025 – 14.028 commercial view 14.029 – 14.032 Commission communication of 1990 on 14.033 – 14.035 comparison with liner conferences 9.006 – 9.014 and information exchange 12.133 – 12.142 juridical nature 14.023 – 14.028 merger control 14.024 containers 5.035 ratification of CSC 46.003 Council of Europe 3.010 – 3.012 , 3.043 – 3.049 Committee of Permanent Representatives 3.046 – 3.047 composition 3.044 functions 3.045 General Secretariat 3.048 operation and voting 3.046 and shipping 3.049 Court of Auditors 3.086 Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) 3.060 – 3.085 functions 3.061 jurisdiction 3.076 – 3.085 operation 3.068 , 3.072 personnel 3.062 – 3.067 procedure 3.073 , 3.075 Croatia recognition of Croatian register of shipping 29.156 shipping analysis 2.036 – 2.037 State aid, Uljanik shipyard 22.116 cross-border litigation Brussels I Regulation 47.001 , 47.093 consumer contracts 47.026 – 47.028 employment contracts 47.029 – 47.032 insurance 47.020 – 47.025 jurisdiction 47.011 – 47.052 examination as to admissibility and 47.039 – 47.040 exclusive 47.033 prorogation of 47.034 – 47.038 special rules 47.017 – 47.018 limitations actions 47.019 lis pendens (or related articles) 47.041 – 47.048 recognition and enforcement of judgments 47.053 – 47.088 relationship with specialised conventions 47.089 – 47.092 scope and application 47.007 – 47.010 third State proceedings 47.049 – 47.052 Customs Union 3.021 Cyprus, shipping analysis 2.038 – 2.039 Czech Republic, shipping analysis 2.040 – 2.041 definitions carriage of goods and passengers 46.053 domestic voyage 33.014 high-speed craft 33.014 marine equipment 37.010 – 37.031 maritime transport services 7.073 passenger ship 33.014 passenger submersible craft 33.014 ro-ro ferry 33.014 , 34.013 serious disturbances in the market 7.100 Page 1825 ship flying the flag of a Member State 28.125 Union industry 22.069 Denmark cabotage and 7.062 ports 2.043 ratification/accession to UN Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences 9.074 shipping analysis 2.042 – 2.044 Det Norske Veritas, recognition of 29.155 direct applicability doctrine 3.113 – 3.121 Directorate-General Competition (DG COMP) 3.041 Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (DG MARE) 3.040 Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport (DG-MOVE) 3.039 discrimination see non-discrimination principle dominant position abuse of see under abuse concept 10.124 – 10.125 determining 10.126 – 10.142 dumping Regulation 4057/86 17.001 – 17.053 appeals 17.052 application 17.010 CJEU’s role 17.022 commercial background 17.006 Commission’s role 17.020 “Community interest” 17.018 complaints 17.023 – 17.029 consultation 17.030 Council of Ministers’ role 17.021 entry into force 17.008 “injury to Community ship operators” 17.017 investigation 17.031 – 17.032 legal basis 17.005 legal history 17.007 non-commercial advantage 17.013 – 17.015 practice to date 17.053 purpose 17.001 , 17.009 redressive duties 17.043 – 17.051 “serious disruption of a freight pattern” 17.016 third country shipowner 17.019 undertakings 17.040 – 17.042 unfair pricing practice 17.012 Eastern Europe 3.027 economic and monetary union (EMU) 3.029 Economic and Social Committee (EESC) 3.088 employment 8.001 – 8.362 Albert Anker case 8.216 – 8.226 Bakker case 8.306 – 8.317 employees and the performance of public duties 8.196 – 8.226 in EU shipping 1.020 – 1.021 , 2.005 – 2.006 , 2.023 Fiamingo case 8.293 – 8.305 free movement of workers 8.008 – 8.012 hours of work on board ship 8.059 – 8.073 Iraklis Haralambidis v Calogero Casilli case 8.318 – 8.331 Jan Voogsgeerd v Navimer SA case 8.332 – 8.342 Maritime Labour Convention amendment directive 8.359 – 8.362 complaint handling procedures for seafarers 28.078 – 28.081 compliance and enforcement directive 8.352 – 8.358 implementation directive 8.259 – 8.269 ratification decision 8.074 , 8.080 Raad van bestuur van de Sociale verzekeringsbank v Wieland and Rothwangl case 8.343 – 8.351 ratification of standards 8.255 , 8.258 seafarers international legal provisions 8.013 minimum training levels 8.091 – 8.195 , 8.292 mutual recognition of certificates 8.081 – 8.090 remaining in a member state 8.244 – 8.254 rights of 8.016 – 8.037 working time 8.038 – 8.058 sources of EU law 8.014 – 8.015 see also seafarers Enhanced Survey Programme Code, adoption of amendments to 26.021 , 26.040 – 26.042 , 26.043 establishment 6.001 – 6.182 case law 6.096 – 6.117 concept of the right of 6.002 freedom of exceptions 6.012 – 6.017 general rule 6.003 – 6.005 and registration of ships 6.009 implementation of Treaty provisions 6.007 – 6.008 mutual recognition of qualifications 6.010 – 6.011 prohibition of new restrictions 6.006 Establishment of European Maritime Law Organisation (EMLO) 5.101 Estonia, shipping analysis 2.045 – 2.046 Euratom see European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC) Page 1826 European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC) 1.005 , 3.003 – 3.005 , 3.017 , 3.092 European Central Bank (ECB) 3.086 European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) 3.003 – 3.004 , 3.015 European Commission 3.034 – 3.042 composition 3.035 functions 3.036 operation 3.037 – 3.042 European Council 3.043 , 3.050 composition 3.050 European Defence Community 3.016 European Economic Community (EEC) 3.017 enlargement 5.011 – 5.012 European Free Trade Association (EFTA) 3.018 European Investment Bank 3.089 European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) 5.143 administrative board 27.012 – 27.015 ancillary tasks 27.052 – 27.066 assistance of the Commission 27.054 – 27.060 assistance of the Commission and the Member States 27.061 , 27.064 budget 27.024 chairmanship arrangements 27.016 core tasks 27.031 – 27.051 establishment background 27.003 – 27.005 European cooperation on coast guard functions 27.065 – 27.066 Executive Director 27.018 – 27.019 functions 27.025 – 27.030 languages 27.023 legal regime 27.006 legal status and standing 27.008 – 27.010 liability 27.022 location 27.007 privileges 27.021 protection of information 27.071 – 27.073 re-evaluation by the EU 27.074 – 27.075 relations with Member States 27.067 – 27.070 relations with non-Member States 27.071 staff 27.020 structure and governance 27.011 – 27.019 voting rules 27.017 European Monetary System 3.023 European Parliament 3.051 – 3.059 composition and operation 3.056 direct elections 3.024 elections 3.055 functions 3.057 members 3.053 – 3.054 seat 3.052 and shipping 3.058 European Union (EU) 1.002 – 1.015 accessions 3.022 , 3.027 contrast with IMO 49.054 contrast with USA 49.053 criticisms 49.062 evolution 1.003 – 1.007 future of 1.014 – 1.015 history 3.007 – 3.030 institutional structure 3.032 – 3.090 internal market 1.010 , 1.012 law 3.001 – 3.122 maritime policy 1.044 – 1.045 Member States’ attitudes and policies toward shipping 49.071 – 49.074 objectives and competences 3.007 outlook 3.031 place of in world shipping 49.009 population 1.009 resistance to legislation 49.066 responses to protectionism 49.070 role in international maritime affairs 49.064 role of in shipping matters 49.026 role of shipping 49.069 shipping in 1.015 – 1.043 , 2.015 – 2.026 arguments for and against the EU’s role 1.036 – 1.040 commercial background/overview 1.077 – 2.142 commercial philosophy 2.013 , 2.015 commercial significance 2.003 – 2.013 competition dimension 1.028 – 1.029 contribution to the EU 2.028 – 2.029 cruise industry 2.007 employment 1.020 – 1.021 , 2.005 – 2.006 , 2.023 environmental dimension 1.027 EU controlled fleet 2.021 – 2.023 existence of a comprehensive EU policy 1.040 – 1.041 flagging 2.016 foreign currency earnings 1.021 – 1.022 influences on EU shipping law 1.041 – 1.042 internal balances 1.023 – 1.024 international dimension 1.029 international organisations context 1.042 investment 2.008 Member States 2.029 – 2.141 multidimensional nature 1.024 , 1.026 passengers 2.009 , 2.017 , 2.027 policy development 1.035 policy influences 1.030 – 1.035 ports 2.010 , 2.026 protectionism 1.023 role in the EU’s trading activities 1.018 – 1.020 Page 1827 safety dimension 1.026 – 1.027 short sea shipping 2.011 – 2.012 strategic significance 1.016 – 1.018 tonnage 2.022 taxation policy 49.058 transport 1.012 , 1.014 uneven distribution of marine resources 49.027 use of technology 49.057 world’s largest trading bloc 1.007 , 1.009 EUROS register 6.152 – 6.182 , 7.081 external relations 25.001 – 25.107 CETA 25.104 – 25.107 EU-Africa Strategy 25.103 international merchant shipping, counter-measures 25.057 – 25.061 maritime transport between Italy and Algeria 25.062 Brazil agreements 25.082 – 25.091 , 25.092 – 25.102 China agreement 25.076 – 25.081 cooperation agreement with Cambodia 25.063 – 25.075 Treaty on European Union 25.005 – 25.035 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) 25.036 – 25.056 Factortame litigation 6.098 Factortame I 6.105 Factortame II 6.109 Factortame III 6.117 Finland, shipping analysis 2.047 – 2.048 Finnsailor , fire extinguishing system compliance decision 34.098 – 34.100 Fire Safety Systems Code, adoption of amendments to 26.021 fishing vessels 5.039 flag State responsibilities compliance/enforcement of Maritime Labour Convention 36.012 – 36.031 maritime environment, Directive 2009/21 19.252 – 19.261 obligations on Member States 29.097 flagging, the concept 2.016 flags of convenience, EESC opinion 5.034 France cabotage and 7.052 ratification/accession to UN Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences 9.077 shipbuilding finance guarantee scheme 22.107 shipping analysis 2.049 – 2.055 freedom to supply services principle 7.001 – 7.308 Regulation 4055/86 7.007 , 7.117 – 7.308 Agip Petroli SpA case 7.239 – 7.246 Alpina River Cruises GmbH/Nicko Tours GmbH case 7.252 – 7.257 Analir case 7.178 – 7.189 assessment 7.039 basic provisions 7.022 – 7.028 cargo-sharing arrangements 7.030 – 7.034 Cenargo case 7.165 commercial background 7.015 Commission v Belgium 7.297 – 7.300 Commission v Belgium and Luxembourg 7.301 , 7.304 – 7.307 Commission v Council (Italo-Algerian Maritime Transport) 7.145 – 7.156 Commission v Finland 7.251 Commission v France 7.278 – 7.282 Commission v France (passenger levy case) 7.160 – 7.164 Commission v Greece 7.200 – 7.208 Commission v Greece (harbour dues) 7.227 – 7.231 Commission v Greece (towage) 7.215 – 7.226 Commission v Italy (disembarkation of passengers) 7.189 – 7.192 Commission v Malta 7.283 – 7.288 Commission v Portugal 7.302 , 7.303 Commission v Spain 7.209 – 7.214 , 7.246 Corsica Ferries cases 7.118 – 7.123 , 7.157 – 7.159 , 7.166 – 7.179 effect 7.016 – 7.019 Enosi Efopliston case 7.246 – 7.250 entry into force 7.020 Fonnship A/S case 7.258 – 7.270 Haahr Petroleum Ltd v Åbenrå Havn and others case 7.138 – 7.144 implementation 7.021 Inspecteur van de Belastingdienst Douane, district Rotterdam v Sea-Land Service Inc. and Nedlloyd Lijnen BV 7.193 – 7.199 Navtiliaki Etairia Thasou AE case 7.271 – 7.277 non-discrimination on basis of nationality 7.035 – 7.036 Peralta case 7.124 – 7.137 Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri v Regione Sardegna 7.289 – 7.296 purpose 7.008 – 7.014 review 7.038 temporary establishment 7.037 timetable 7.029 Viking Line judgment 7.230 – 7.238 see also cabotage Page 1828 Geneva Convention on the High Seas 1958 6.027 – 6.030 Germany cabotage and 7.053 ratification/accession to UN Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences 9.073 shipping analysis 2.056 – 2.062 State aid Commission Decision 92/569 22.101 – 22.105 Peene-Werft shipyard 22.111 Rolandwerft shipyard 22.109 Volkswerft Stralsund shipyard 22.108 , 22.114 Global Navigation System, resolution 5.119 Greece accession 5.044 cabotage and 7.054 publication of the list of passenger ships notified, Decision 1999/461 46.174 – 46.175 shipping analysis 2.063 – 2.072 hazardous materials on board ships, Directive 2002/59 39.064 carriage of, HNS Convention 21.001 – 21.012 recycling of ships Decision 2016/2325 24.099 Regulation 1013/2006 24.019 , 24.053 – 24.054 , 24.098 hazardous ships, monitoring and intervention in accidents/incidents, Directive 2002/59 39.065 – 39.074 historical development of EU shipping law 4.078 – 5.179 1950s foundation treaties 5.002 – 5.003 1960s 5.004 – 5.009 1970s 5.010 – 5.036 1980s 5.037 – 5.095 1990s 5.096 – 5.132 2000s 5.133 – 5.162 2010s 5.163 – 5.178 Common Maritime Policy 5.058 – 5.068 Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships 24.004 – 24.006 Hungary, shipping analysis 2.072 information exchange balancing with competition law 12.105 – 12.113 consortia and 12.133 – 12.142 definition of 12.084 – 12.087 examples of as an issue 12.092 – 12.096 the law on 12.088 – 12.089 ports 13.081 , 13.085 Regulation 1419/2006 and 12.083 – 12.142 rules on 12.114 – 12.132 topicality 12.090 – 12.091 types of 12.097 – 12.104 inspection and survey organisations 29.001 – 29.157 Decision 2005/311, extension of limited recognition of RINAVE 29.101 – 29.105 Decision 2013/765, recognition of Det Norske Veritas 29.155 Decision 2014/281, recognition of Croatian register of shipping 29.156 Directive 2009/15 28.122 – 28.135 , 29.072 – 29.100 amendments to the regime 29.093 – 29.094 appropriate enforcement 28.126 assistance by COSS 29.092 authorisation requirements 28.127 competence of organisations 28.132 definitions 28.125 , 29.083 enforcement 29.084 – 29.087 entry into force 29.099 objective 29.082 obligations of Member States 28.134 relating to flag bearing vessels 29.097 purpose 28.124 repeal 29.100 reporting requirements 28.133 Commission 29.098 Member States 29.096 role of COSS 28.129 – 28.130 supervision of recognised organisations 29.095 suspension or revocation of an authorisation 28.131 vigilance 28.135 working relationships 28.128 , 29.088 – 29.091 Regulation 391/2009 29.003 – 29.071 amendment provisions 29.064 assessment requirements 29.045 – 29.048 authorisation/recognition requests 29.038 Commission responsibilities on informing Parliament and Council 29.070 – 29.071 concepts 29.028 – 29.038 consultation requirements 29.050 – 29.055 COSS assistance 29.063 criteria adoption and publication 29.065 – 29.067 failure to comply with minimum criteria 29.041 fines and penalties for breach 29.042 granting authorisation/recognition 29.039 Page 1829 independent quality assessment/certification requirements 29.056 – 29.062 objectives 29.026 – 29.027 provision of access to information 29.049 retention of recognition 29.068 verification of recognition holder 29.069 withdrawal of recognition 29.043 – 29.044 Regulation 428/2010, expanded inspections of ships 29.157 Regulation 788/2014 29.106 – 29.148 co-operation with national competent authorities 29.147 – 29.148 fines and periodic penalties 29.125 – 29.145 general provisions 29.122 – 29.124 time limits 29.146 Regulation 2015/668, amending recognition of certain organisations 29.149 – 29.154 see also inspection of ships inspection of ships Commission v France , too few inspections judgment 28.159 – 28.160 Directive 96/40, identity card for inspectors 28.152 – 28.155 Directive 2009/16 access refusal measures 28.071 – 28.074 complaints 28.077 compliance with the inspection commitment 28.055 co-operation and information exchange 28.105 elements of the Community port State inspection system 28.121 expanded inspection 28.067 follow-up to inspections and detentions 28.094 – 28.095 initial/more detailed inspection 28.066 inspection database 28.104 inspection frequency 28.064 inspection powers 28.053 inspection share balancing modalities 28.056 – 28.060 inspection system and annual inspection commitment 28.054 inspectors’ professional profile 28.096 – 28.102 notification of arrival of ships 28.061 pilots and port authorities reports 28.103 publication of information 28.106 – 28.107 rectification and detention 28.082 – 28.092 reimbursement of costs 28.108 report of inspection to the master 28.075 – 28.076 right of appeal 28.093 safety and security guidelines and procedures 28.068 – 28.070 seafarer complaint handling procedures 28.078 – 28.081 selection of ships for inspection 28.065 ship risk profile 28.062 – 28.063 Regulation 428/2010 28.149 – 28.151 insurance and Brussels I Regulation 47.020 – 47.025 of shipowners for maritime claims, Directive 2009/20 46.181 – 46.190 integration, European 3.008 intermodal freight transport, resolution 5.135 – 5.136 internal market 1.010 , 1.012 establishment 3.028 White Paper 3.025 , 3.028 International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels 5.039 International Convention of Safe Containers 5.035 International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW), adoption of amendments to 26.021 International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-Fouling Systems on Ships (AFS-Convention) 20.002 see also organotin International Labour Organization 49.019 International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention (ISM Code) Regulation 336/2006 33.001 – 33.027 amendments 33.024 annexes 33.027 background 33.008 , 33.013 certification requirements 33.019 validity/acceptance/recognition of certificates 33.021 committee procedure 33.025 compliance 33.017 definitions 33.014 derogation 33.020 objective 33.013 penalties 33.022 Regulation 336/2006 33.003 – 33.027 repeal 33.026 reporting requirements 33.023 safety management requirements 33.018 scope 33.015 – 33.016 International Maritime Organisation (IMO) 1.040 , 5.028 , 19.003 , 19.012 , 25.003 , 26.021 , 39.002 , 42.005 , 49.019 , 49.054 , 49.076 Page 1830 international merchant shipping, counter-measures, Decision 83/573 25.057 – 25.061 investigation of accidents Directive 2009/18 30.008 – 30.058 accident reports 30.047 – 30.048 amendments to the regime 30.055 common methodology for investigating marine casualties and incidents 30.057 confidentiality 30.040 co-operation with third countries 30.045 costs 30.041 database for marine casualties 30.052 – 30.053 investigation obligations 30.027 – 30.031 investigative bodies 30.034 – 30.039 leading/participation in investigations 30.033 Member State law provision 30.016 – 30.018 notification obligations 30.032 observations 30.056 permanent co-operation framework 30.043 – 30.044 preservation of evidence 30.046 purpose 30.019 – 30.022 review process 30.042 role of COSS 30.054 safety recommendations 30.049 – 30.051 scope 30.023 – 30.024 status of safety investigations 30.025 – 30.026 investigation of maritime casualties 30.002 national/international legal dimension 30.003 – 30.007 investment, in EU shipping 2.008 Ireland cabotage and 7.060 shipping analysis 2.074 – 2.079 Italy maritime transport between Algeria and 25.062 shipping analysis 2.080 – 2.085 State aid, oil and chemical tankers breakup scheme 22.110 Kinnock Report 5.129 Latvia, shipping analysis 2.086 – 2.088 law application and development limits 49.012 – 49.013 , 49.025 and climate change 49.065 direct applicability doctrine 3.113 – 3.121 fundamental principles of EU law 3.117 , 3.121 future expectations 49.076 historical development of EU shipping law 4.078 – 5.179 institutional dimension to evolution of 49.075 interpretation of EU law 3.116 Member States acting in their own self-interest 49.05 modal isolation 49.028 need for an informed approach 49.029 need for integrated and co-ordinated approach 49.055 new areas 49.056 openness 49.030 policy and 49.014 – 49.022 primary law 3.092 – 3.100 pro-active enactment 49.067 reactionary nature of measures 49.024 recent origins 49.011 recurring themes 49.031 relationship between EU law and national laws 3.115 resistance to EU legislation 49.066 role of Member States, institutions and industry 49.068 secondary legislation 3.101 – 3.112 self-regulation and 49.023 sources of EU law 3.091 – 3.112 Life Saving Appliances Code, adoption of amendments to 26.043 liner conferences 9.001 – 9.077 block exemption 11.059 – 11.081 comparison with consortia 9.005 – 9.006 , 9.014 definitions 9.002 , 9.004 , 11.043 see also United Nations, Convention on a Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences Lithuania, shipping analysis 2.089 – 2.093 low sulphur fuels 19.101 – 19.111 Luxembourg cabotage and 7.063 shipping analysis 2.094 – 2.095 Maastricht Treaty 25.005 – 25.035 Malta, shipping analysis 2.096 – 2.097 marine equipment 37.001 – 37.104 authorisation of systems for mobile communication services on board vessels 37.103 – 37.104 compliant products presenting a risk 37.081 – 37.084 conformity assessment and notification procedures 37.057 – 37.058 changes to notifications 37.064 Page 1831 EU declaration of 37.059 notified bodies 37.060 notifying authorities 37.061 obligations on 37.062 conformity assessment procedures 37.057 – 37.058 conformity declaration 37.059 dealing with equipment presenting a risk 37.070 – 37.075 design, construction and performance requirements and testing standards 37.099 – 37.102 Directive 2014/90 amendments 37.094 application 37.034 background 37.004 – 37.008 COSS obligations 37.096 definitions 37.010 – 37.031 delegation of power 37.095 exemptions based on technical innovation 37.086 – 37.087 in exceptional circumstances 37.089 for testing/evaluation 37.088 final provisions 37.090 – 37.093 non-compliance 37.085 objective 37.009 repeal 37.098 scope 37.032 transposition 37.097 electronic tag 37.043 – 37.046 EU market surveillance framework 37.069 EU safeguard procedure 37.076 – 37.080 functioning of the internal market 37.035 notified bodies challenges to competence of 37.064 information obligations 37.067 operational obligations 37.066 subsidiaries and subcontractors 37.063 obligations of economic operators 37.047 – 37.056 requirements for 37.033 standards for 37.037 – 37.038 transfer of a ship to the flag of a Member State 37.036 union market surveillance, control of products, safeguard provisions 37.068 wheel mark 37.039 , 37.041 affixing rules and conditions 37.042 marine resources, uneven distribution of in the EU 49.027 maritime environment 18.037 – 19.326 carbon dioxide emissions 19.205 – 19.251 challenges for the EU 19.008 costs of compliance with environmental standards 19.011 EU environmental law and policy 19.014 – 19.023 aims 19.015 available measures 19.016 – 19.023 decisions 19.020 directives 19.019 international legislation and 19.024 issues covered 19.025 recommendations and opinions 19.021 regulations 19.018 strategy statements 19.022 Treaty provisions 19.017 White Papers 19.023 flag State requirements, Directive 2009/21 19.252 – 19.261 general measures 19.026 HNS Convention 21.001 – 21.012 institutional dimension 19.013 International Maritime Organisation (IMO) 19.012 low sulphur fuels 19.101 – 19.111 organotin 20.001 – 20.029 penalties for environmental law breaches 19.263 – 19.326 port charges and environmentally friendly/sustainable transport 19.262 port facilities 19.058 – 19.100 regional arrangements 19.112 Mediterranean 19.113 – 19.155 North Sea and other areas 19.156 – 19.181 North-East Atlantic 19.182 – 19.204 shipping sector, environmental cleanliness 19.009 – 19.010 see also pollution Maritime Industries Forum (MIF) 5.102 Maritime Labour Convention 36.001 – 36.041 adoption 36.002 complaint handling procedures for seafarers 28.078 – 28.081 Decision 2007/431 36.003 – 36.011 Decision 2014/346 36.032 – 36.041 flag State responsibilities Directive 2013/54 36.012 – 36.031 compliance monitoring 36.027 – 36.028 definitions 36.026 on-board complaint procedures 36.029 reports 36.030 subject matter 36.025 transposition 36.031 maritime policy 1.044 – 1.045 maritime services, Commission’s guidelines 12.056 – 12.069 Page 1832 maritime transport between Italy and Algeria, Decision 87/475 25.062 Brazil agreements 25.082 – 25.091 , 25.092 – 25.102 China agreement, Decision 2009/825 25.076 – 25.081 commercial significance 2.004 , 2.006 cooperation agreement with Cambodia 25.063 – 25.075 services, defined 7.073 State aid 15.030 , 15.032 market access Regulation 4058/86 17.053 – 18.037 action by member states in default of council action 18.019 , 18.022 application 18.004 background 18.006 concepts 18.010 consultation 18.023 co-ordinated action 18.015 – 18.017 request by Member State 18.012 – 18.014 entry into force 18.009 history 18.026 – 18.036 legal basis 18.005 legislative history 18.008 OECD Member States 18.024 – 18.025 procedure 18.018 – 18.019 triggering event 18.011 MARPOL Annex VI, adoption of amendments to 26.021 Marshall Aid 3.009 medical treatment on board vessels 5.105 , 32.001 – 32.022 Directive 92/29 allocation of responsibilities 32.014 background 32.003 – 32.004 basic concepts 32.006 – 32.011 committee procedure 32.020 conclusion 32.022 entry into force 32.021 inspection 32.019 legal basis 32.005 obligation to carry antidotes on board 32.013 obligation to have medical supplies on board 32.012 radio consultation centres 32.018 merger control 16.001 – 16.180 concentrations ancillary restrictions 16.051 assessment by the Commission 16.037 – 16.042 the concept 16.011 , 16.022 market definition 16.044 notification 16.030 – 16.036 remedies 16.043 role of Member States 16.045 – 16.050 union dimension 16.023 – 16.029 minority stakes 16.052 role of the CJEU 16.053 shipbuilding sector 16.163 – 16.179 Aker Maritime/Kvaerner (Withdrawn) 16.167 Aker Yards ASA/Chartiers de l’Atlantique 16.169 – 16.170 Aker Yards/STX 16.177 – 16.178 BAE Systems/VT/JV 16.174 – 16.175 Bain Capital/Bavaria Yachtbau 16.173 – 16.174 Blohm+Voss/Lisnave 16.165 Candover/Ferretti 16.171 – 16.172 Carlyle/Zodiac Marine 16.176 Preussag/Babcock/Celsius 16.166 Rabobank/IHC 16.167 – 16.168 Thales/DCN 16.173 Thyssemkrupp/EADS/Atlas 16.170 – 16.171 ThyssenKrupp AG/Hellenic Shipyards 16.169 UPM-Kymmene/STORA ENSO/Metsallito/JV 16.164 shipping sector 16.054 – 16.162 Allianz/3i/Scandlines 16.138 APMM/Broström 16.098 – 16.109 APMM/Swift Tankers Pool 16.097 Arcelormittal/Atic Services 16.150 BPH/Euroports Holding 16.146 – 16.147 China Shipbuilding/Wärtsilä/MHI 16.140 – 16.141 CK Hutchison/TMA Holding/TMA Logistics 16.160 CMA CGM/Bolloré/Kribi JV 16.156 – 16.157 CMA CGM/Delmas 16.134 CMA CGM/NOL 16.158 Costa Crociere/Royal Caribbean/Marinvest/RCT 16.131 CSAV/HGV/Kühne Maritime/Hapag-Lloyd AG 16.153 DFO/Scandlines 16.056 , 16.057 – 16.065 Douala International Terminal JV acquisition 16.148 DP World/Conti 7/Rickmers/DP World Breakbulk 16.095 DPWL/ZIM/Contarsa 16.096 Eurogate/AP Moller-Maersk Joint Venture 16.143 , 16.145 FSI/MERIT/YILDIRIM/CMA CGM 16.152 GE Capital/GE SeaCo 16.065 – 16.075 Page 1833 HBG/Ballast Nedam/Baggeren JV 16.088 – 16.089 Hutchison/Evergreen 16.110 Maersk Product Tankers A/S acquisition 16.162 Maersk/PONL 16.113 – 16.121 Maersk/Safmarine 16.075 – 16.086 Maersk/Sea-Land 16.087 – 16.088 Nordic Capital/Unicorn 16.153 NYK Reefers/Lauritzen 16.111 – 16.113 ODPR acquisition 16.154 PD/GETF 16.142 PSA/IPH 16.140 PSA/TIL/PPIT 16.161 Royal Caribbean Holdings de España acquisition 16.159 RREEF/Peel Port Holdings/Peel Ports 16.137 Société d’exploitation du Terminal de Vridi acquisition 16.149 Svitzer/Wilhelmsen Offshore/JV 16.133 , 16.135 Teekay/Marubeni/Maersk LNG 16.151 Triton/KKR/EM 16.156 TUI/CP Ships 16.122 – 16.131 Van Oord/BHD/Bagger Holding JV 16.093 – 16.094 Veolia – BCP/SNCM 16.135 – 16.136 Vopak/Van der Sluijs 16.089 – 16.090 Wallenius Lines/Wilhelmsen/Hyundai 16.091 – 16.092 WWL/EUKOR/ARMACUP/AGENCIE 16.139 Merger Treaty 3.020 mobile communication services on board vessels authorisation of systems 37.103 – 37.104 Recommendation 2010/167 39.028 – 39.040 mobility equipment, compensation for loss or damage 46.042 navigation 39.001 – 39.081 digital maritime system and services governance, Decision 2016/566 39.076 – 39.081 excise duties on mineral oils, Jan De Nul NV v Hauptzollamt Oldenburg 39.041 – 39.048 marine radio communication equipment Decision 2004/71 39.010 – 39.014 background 39.012 effect of the decision 39.014 legal basis 39.011 scope 39.013 maritime transport between Italy and Algeria, Decision 87/475 39.049 – 39.050 mobile communication services on-board vessels, Recommendation 2010/167 39.028 – 39.040 radionavigation systems Decision 92/143 39.004 – 39.009 background 39.006 legal basis 39.005 operative provisions 39.007 – 39.009 traffic monitoring and information system Directive 2002/59 39.051 – 39.075 accompanying measures 39.075 automatic identification systems 39.058 – 39.059 definitions 39.055 infrastructure provision 39.062 monitoring compliance 39.061 hazardous ships and intervention in accidents/incidents 39.065 – 39.074 requirements 39.057 notification of hazardous materials on board ships 39.064 notification prior to entry into port 39.056 purpose 39.053 scope 39.054 ships’ routing systems 39.060 voyage data recorder systems 39.063 Netherlands, shipping analysis 2.098 – 2.103 non-discrimination principle, discrimination on the basis of nationality 7.035 – 7.036 , 40.020 , 49.061 implications of Brexit for 48.035 North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) 3.013 oil, pollution 5.043 oil crisis 5.015 oil tankers, disaster response 5.027 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 3.009 , 6.023 and Regulation 954/79 9.066 and shipbuilding 22.025 – 22.031 Organisation for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) 3.008 – 3.009 organotin 20.001 – 20.029 Regulation 536/2008 20.021 – 20.029 Regulation 782/2003 20.005 – 20.020 adaptations 20.017 annexes 20.019 Committee 20.018 definitions and concepts 20.011 evaluation 20.020 legal basis 20.006 legislative history 20.007 – 20.009 Page 1834 port State control 20.016 prohibition of application on ships 20.013 prohibition on bearing 20.014 purpose 20.010 scope 20.012 survey and certification 20.015 Paris Memorandum of Understanding 28.136 – 28.142 , 28.143 – 28.148 passenger ferries and roll-on/roll-off (“ro-ro”) vessels 34.001 – 34.116 common rules on safety amendment proposals 34.101 – 34.105 Council Resolutions on improving safety 34.007 – 34.009 Decision 2003/587 34.098 – 34.100 Decision 2013/95 34.106 – 34.116 Directive 1999/35 34.010 – 34.039 accompanying measures 34.030 – 34.031 amendment procedure 34.035 amendments, proposed 34.039 application 34.037 assessment of application 34.038 Committee procedure 34.034 concepts 34.013 co-operation between host States 34.032 notification requirements 34.021 penalties for breach 34.036 prevention of operation 34.022 – 34.025 purpose 34.012 scope 34.014 special provisions 34.018 supporting measures 34.033 survey procedures 34.026 – 34.029 survey requirements 34.017 – 34.020 verification requirements 34.015 – 34.016 Directive 2003/25 34.040 – 34.055 adaptations and committee procedure 34.052 – 34.053 certification of vessels 34.050 concepts 34.044 implementation 34.055 penalties 34.054 purpose 34.043 scope 34.045 sea areas 34.047 short term or seasonal services 34.051 significant wave heights 34.046 stability requirements 34.048 – 34.049 Directive 2009/45 34.056 – 34.097 adaptations 34.083 – 34.086 additional safety requirements, equivalents, exemptions and safeguard measures 34.078 – 34.082 application 34.068 certificates 34.092 – 34.094 classes of passenger ships 34.065 – 34.067 COSS Committee involvement 34.087 definitions 34.062 notification requirements 34.097 penalties 34.096 purpose 34.061 reduced mobility, safety requirements for persons with 34.074 – 34.077 safety requirements 34.069 – 34.072 scope 34.063 – 34.064 SOLAS Convention regulations 34.094 stability requirements 34.073 surveys 34.088 – 34.091 incidents involving 34.004 passengers levies on Commission v France 7.160 – 7.164 Commission v Italy 7.189 – 7.192 liability of carriers in case of accident 46.025 – 46.048 Regulation 392/209 adoption 46.038 advance payments to survivors 46.044 amendments 46.047 compensation in respect of mobility equipment 46.042 global limitation of liability 46.043 information obligations 46.045 liability regime and insurance 46.041 purpose and subject matter 46.039 reporting requirements 46.046 role of COSS 46.048 scope 46.040 passenger rights 46.072 – 46.125 Regulation 117/2010 adoption of the regulation 46.073 – 46.077 assistance in the event of cancelled/delayed departure 46.108 – 46.117 disabled persons and persons with reduced mobility 46.078 , 46.094 – 46.102 enforcement 46.120 – 46.124 exclusion of waiver 46.093 general provisions 46.086 – 46.090 information and complaints 46.118 – 46.120 information in the event of cancelled/delayed departure 46.104 – 46.107 information regarding delays/cancellations and compensation 46.079 – 46.085 Page 1835 obligations of carriers/terminal operators 46.103 – 46.117 other performing parties 46.092 protection of maritime passengers 46.072 reporting requirements 46.125 tickets and non-discriminatory contract conditions 46.091 registration of passengers 46.005 – 46.024 Directive 98/41 46.006 – 46.024 administration 46.023 communication of passenger numbers 46.013 counting of passengers 46.012 entry into force 46.008 functional criteria for registration systems 46.017 legal basis 46.009 limitation on passenger numbers 46.018 obligations on operating companies 46.019 – 46.020 penalties for breach 46.024 purpose 46.010 recorded information requirements 46.014 – 46.016 scope and application 46.011 ships outside the EU 46.021 and the SOLAS Convention 46.022 transported by ship in the EU annually 2.009 , 2.017 , 2.027 pilotage 40.001 – 40.021 Commission memorandum on shipping 40.019 discrimination on the basis of nationality 7.035 – 7.036 , 40.020 exemption certificates 40.021 of vessels in the North Sea Directive 79/115 40.002 – 40.018 implementation 40.007 implementation opinions 40.008 – 40.018 legal basis 40.003 obligations 40.006 , 40.004 purpose 40.005 piracy and armed robbery against ships 38.001 – 38.027 appointment of EU Force Commander 38.024 Operation Atlanta 38.023 self protection and prevention recommendations 38.008 – 38.015 assessment of the recommendation 38.015 best management practices 38.011 – 38.014 essence of the recommendation 38.010 judicial intervention 38.022 legal basis 38.009 strategic framework for the Horn of Africa 38.016 – 38.021 Poland, shipping analysis 2.104 – 2.109 Polish Register of Shipping 5.160 pollution biocides in anti-fouling systems on ships see also (organotin), 20.001 – 20.029 bunkers 19.027 – 19.038 CO 2 emissions 19.205 – 19.251 Regulation 2015/757 19.206 – 19.245 compliance and publication of information 19.236 , 19.240 delegation and implementation powers 19.242 – 19.245 determination of cargo carried 19.247 – 19.251 general provisions 19.207 – 19.222 international co-operation 19.241 monitoring and reporting 19.223 – 19.231 monitoring plans, emissions reports and documents of compliance 19.246 verification and accreditation 19.232 – 19.235 Directive 93/75 5.111 Intertanko litigation 19.304 – 19.326 admissibility of preliminary reference 19.316 consideration of questions referred to the CJEU 19.317 – 19.326 EU law 19.311 – 19.314 international law 19.307 – 19.310 questions referred to the CJEU 19.315 land-based 19.049 – 19.057 North Sea and other areas, Bonn Agreement 19.156 – 19.181 North-East Atlantic 19.182 – 19.204 Decision 98/249 19.188 – 19.190 Decision 2010/655 19.191 – 19.194 OSPAR Convention 19.182 – 19.187 protection of Baltic Sea area 19.195 – 19.204 oil pollution 19.039 – 19.048 penalties for environmental law breaches 19.263 – 19.326 port facilities 19.058 – 19.086 Directive 2000/59 19.059 – 19.086 amendment procedure 19.084 availability of adequate facilities 19.065 , 19.067 Committee procedure 19.083 concepts 19.063 delivery of cargo residues 19.076 enforcement 19.077 – 19.081 Page 1836 entry into force and implementation 19.085 evaluation 19.086 – 19.100 exemptions 19.075 legal basis and history 19.061 notification requirements 19.070 penalties for breaches 19.082 purpose 19.062 scope 19.064 ship-generated waste delivery of 19.071 fees for 19.072 – 19.074 waste reception and handling 19.068 – 19.069 protection of the Mediterranean Decision 77/585 19.114 – 19.115 Decision 83/101 19.116 – 19.119 Decision 2004/575 19.132 , 19.136 Decision 2010/631 19.127 – 19.131 Decision 2013/5 19.120 – 19.126 Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Preventing Pollution from Ships and in Cases of Emergency 19.137 – 19.155 ship-source pollution Decision 2005/667 aiding, abetting or inciting a breach 19.270 background 19.265 criminal offences 19.268 – 19.269 definitions and territorial scope 19.266 implementation 19.267 jurisdiction 19.274 liability of legal persons 19.272 notification of commission of an offence 19.275 penalties 19.271 penalties against legal persons 19.273 Directive 2005/35 accompanying measures 19.294 amendment procedure 19.300 background 19.278 and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union 19.303 Committee procedure 19.298 compliance with international law 19.293 definitions 19.280 enforcement measures ships in port 19.286 ships in transit 19.287 entry into force 19.302 exceptions 19.283 feasibility study 19.296 implementation 19.301 infringements 19.284 – 19.285 penalties 19.288 – 19.292 provision of information 19.299 purpose 19.279 reporting 19.297 scope 19.281 – 19.282 pollution control carriage of hazardous and noxious substances, HNS Convention 21.001 – 21.012 role of the EU 49.065 vessels carrying dangerous/polluting goods Directive 93/75 46.168 – 46.170 Directive 96/127 46.176 – 46.177 Directive 96/710 46.171 – 46.173 , 46.178 – 46.180 see also International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention (ISM Code); organotin port services Regulation 2017/352 43.006 – 43.085 adoption 43.008 complaints procedure 43.077 – 43.080 consultation of port users/stakeholders 43.076 employee rights safeguards 43.058 – 43.062 entry into force 43.020 – 43.023 essence of the regulation 43.009 – 43.013 financial transparency/autonomy 43.063 general provisions 43.074 – 43.085 infrastructure charges 43.070 – 43.073 internal operator 43.057 market access framework 43.035 – 43.038 minimum requirements for service provision 43.042 – 43.048 nature of the regulation 43.018 – 43.019 number of service providers 43.050 – 43.055 organisation of port services 43.039 – 43.041 penalties for infringement 43.081 post-Brexit expectations 43.024 procedural aspects 43.049 public service obligations 43.056 purpose 43.014 – 43.017 , 43.025 relevant authorities 43.082 review mechanism 43.083 service charges 43.066 – 43.069 staff training 43.075 subject matter and scope 43.026 – 43.034 transparency of financial relations 43.064 – 43.065 see also port State control (PSC); ports Page 1837 port State control (PSC) 5.121 , 28.001 – 28.160 background 28.003 in the context of safety 28.001 – 28.160 detention of vessels 31.083 Directive 2009/15 28.122 – 28.135 Directive 2009/16 28.004 – 28.121 background 28.013 – 28.029 committee 28.116 compliance and performance monitoring 28.109 concepts 28.030 – 28.052 delegated acts 28.111 – 28.115 entry into force 28.006 implementation and notification 28.120 implementation monitoring 28.109 implementing rules 28.117 legal basis and history 28.007 penalties 28.118 purpose 28.005 review 28.119 scope 28.008 – 28.012 EMSA’s role 28.002 flag State criteria, Regulation 801/2010 28.156 – 28.158 position on the Paris Memorandum of Understanding Decision 2015/873 28.136 – 28.142 Decision 2016/381 28.143 – 28.148 procedures relating to minimum training levels 8.180 – 8.184 , 31.081 – 31.082 recycling of ships, Regulation 1013/2006 24.067 seafarers, certification requirements 8.180 – 8.184 , 31.081 – 31.082 see also inspection and survey organisations; inspection of ships ports 43.001 – 43.085 access to services 13.029 – 13.080 Coe Clerici Logistics SpA v Commission case 13.077 – 13.080 Holyhead I case 13.047 –<: 13.050 Holyhead II case 13.051 – 13.076 Merci decision 13.032 – 13.046 anti-competitive arrangements 13.024 – 13.025 Commission “Ports Package” 5.139 distortions of competition 5.038 electricity for ships in ports 45.001 – 45.009 promotion of shore-side electricity 45.006 – 45.008 strategy to reduce atmospheric emissions 45.002 resolution 45.004 – 45.005 in the EU 2.010 , 2.026 obtaining access to 13.024 – 13.028 pollution control 5.041 – 5.042 pricing Color Line harbour agreement 13.092 – 13.093 general issues 13.089 port charges 13.088 Port of Kristiansand and Fjord Line 13.091 Rødby case 13.090 reporting formalities for ships in EU ports 44.001 – 44.034 Directive 2002/6 44.005 Directive 2010/65 44.006 – 44.034 amendment procedure 44.026 assessment and conclusions 44.030 – 44.034 background 44.009 – 44.013 entry into force 44.008 harmonisation and coordination requirements 44.018 legal basis 44.007 notification of ships prior to arrival in port 44.019 – 44.025 report on the functioning of the directive 44.027 – 44.028 reporting requirements 44.029 subject matter and scope 44.014 – 44.017 and State aid 13.096 as undertakings 13.019 – 13.022 , 15.097 – 15.099 see also port services; port State control (PSC) Portugal cabotage and 7.056 shipping analysis 2.110 – 2.116 State aid, ENVC shipyard operator 22.115 – 22.116 pricing in ports 13.086 – 13.093 protection against injurious pricing of vessels 22.038 – 22.097 unfair practices 17.012 prolongation 15.127 protectionism EU policy 1.023 EU response 49.070 public duties, performance by employees 8.196 – 8.226 qualifications, mutual recognition 6.010 – 6.011 radionavigation systems 5.103 ratification/accession to UN Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences Belgium 9.075 Page 1838 Denmark 9.074 France 9.077 Germany 9.073 Regulation 954/79 Commission proposals 9.056 – 9.057 contents 9.063 decision-making procedures 9.067 existing conferences 9.064 existing Treaty 9.058 , 9.060 repeal 9.070 reservations and interpretative reservations 9.068 – 9.069 United Kingdom (UK) 9.076 recycling of ships Decision 2016/2325, hazardous materials inventory certificate 24.099 EU level 24.007 – 24.010 facilities 24.074 – 24.081 authorisation requirements 24.079 European List 24.081 third countries 24.079 hazardous materials 24.019 control of 24.053 inventory 24.054 , 24.098 – 24.099 international level (Hong Kong Convention) 24.004 – 24.006 Regulation 1013/2006 administrative provisions 24.082 – 24.086 avoiding duplication of measures 24.015 – 24.017 compliance 24.020 definitions 24.024 – 24.051 and Directive 2009/16 24.011 – 24.098 duration and validity of certificates 24.066 facilities 24.074 – 24.081 final provisions 24.092 – 24.098 general requirements for shipowners 24.055 – 24.056 hazardous materials 24.019 control of 24.053 inventory 24.054 , 24.098 – 24.099 interpretation 24.018 issuance and endorsement of certificates 24.062 – 24.065 port State control 24.067 reporting and enforcement 24.087 – 24.091 requests for action 24.090 – 24.091 scope 24.023 ships 24.052 – 24.073 ships flying the flag of a third country 24.068 – 24.073 ship-specific recycling plan 24.057 – 24.060 subject-matter and purpose of the regulation 24.021 surveys 24.061 registration case law 6.096 – 6.117 Commission v Netherlands litigation 6.141 – 6.151 EUROS register 6.159 freedom of establishment and 6.009 international law 6.019 – 6.034 registries home 6.021 international 6.025 offshore 6.024 open 6.022 parallel 6.090 transfers Regulation 613/91 6.045 – 6.077 Regulation 789/2004 6.078 – 6.089 Viking litigation 6.118 – 6.140 Registro Internacional Naval, SA, extension of limited recognition 29.101 – 29.105 Regulation 954/79, Commission proposal 9.056 roll-on/roll-off (“ro-ro”) vessels phasing out 34.073 see also passenger ferries and roll-on/roll-off (“ro-ro”) vessels Romania, shipping analysis 2.117 – 2.118 safety 26.001 – 26.047 Council Decision 2016/2077 26.021 – 26.026 Council Recommendation 78/584, ratification of conventions on safety in shipping 26.008 – 26.009 Decision 2014/280 26.043 – 26.046 Decision 2014/826 26.040 – 26.042 on EUROS-registered ships 6.167 ferries and roll-on/roll-off (“ro-ro”) vessels 34.001 – 34.116 investigation of maritime casualties 30.001 , 30.058 marine equipment 37.001 – 37.104 Maritime Labour Convention 36.001 – 36.041 port State control 28.001 – 28.160 ratification of International Convention on Maritime Search and Rescue 26.027 Regulation 801/2010, flag State criteria 26.035 – 26.039 Regulation 802/2010, company performance 26.028 – 26.034 Regulation 2099/2002 26.011 – 26.020 safe seas common policy resolution 5.109 , 26.010 working time of seafarers 35.001 – 35.023 see also inspection of ships; International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Ships and for Pollution Prevention (ISM Code); Maritime Labour Convention; passenger ferries and roll-on/roll-off (“ro-ro”) vessels; seafarers Page 1839 Safety of Life At Sea (SOLAS), adoption of amendments to 26.021 , 26.043 Schumann Declaration 3.013 – 3.014 seafarers employment rights Directive 2015/1794 adoption 8.026 background 8.029 – 8.030 changes brought about 8.031 – 8.036 Commission reporting 8.037 entry into force 8.027 transposition 8.028 hours of work on board ship Directive 1999/95 8.059 – 8.073 administrative cooperation 8.072 application 8.063 background 8.059 – 8.061 Commission v Italy case 8.270 – 8.291 definitions 8.064 follow-up procedures 8.069 – 8.070 inspections 8.066 “no more favourable” treatment clause 8.073 purpose and scope 8.062 rectification of deficiencies 8.067 – 8.068 report preparation 8.065 right of appeal 8.071 minimum levels of training, Directive 2008/106 31.001 – 31.092 recognition of certificates Directive 2005/45 8.081 – 8.090 definitions 8.085 operative provisions 8.087 – 8.090 prevention of fraud/unlawful practices 8.088 scope 8.084 State aid and 15.125 – 15.127 working time Directive 1999/63 35.001 – 35.023 age limits 8.050 annex 35.007 – 35.023 application 8.047 background 35.003 definitions in 8.048 fitness for work 8.052 – 8.058 minimum requirements 35.005 provision of resources to ensure compliance 8.051 purpose 35.004 transposition 35.006 working hours 8.049 see also training of seafarers security 42.001 – 42.142 enhancing port security Directive 2005/65 42.056 – 42.103 adaptation 42.097 annexes 42.103 approval of officers 42.092 assessment requirements 42.082 – 42.083 committee procedure 42.098 confidentiality requirements 42.099 co-ordination of measures 42.078 definitions 42.072 – 42.077 designation of a competent authority 42.079 – 42.081 evaluation reports 42.102 focal point for port security 42.095 implementation 42.101 implementation and conformity checking 42.096 objective 42.070 penalties for infringement 42.100 plan requirements 42.084 – 42.088 recognised security organisations 42.094 review requirements 42.093 scope 42.071 security levels 42.089 – 42.091 enhancing ship and port facility security Regulation 725/2004 42.009 – 42.055 alternative/equivalent security agreements 42.037 – 42.042 committee procedure 42.050 communication of information 42.033 – 42.036 confidentiality 42.051 – 42.053 definitions 42.016 – 42.025 dissemination of information 42.054 implementation and conformity checking 42.048 integration of amendments to international instruments 42.049 joint measures and scope 42.026 – 42.032 objectives 42.015 provision of security information prior to entry into port 42.046 provision of security information prior to entry into port and exemptions 42.043 , 42.045 – 42.046 sanctions 42.055 security checks in Member State ports 42.047 Page 1840 inspection procedures Regulation 324/2008 42.104 – 42.142 Commission actions 42.138 conduct of inspections 42.135 confidentiality 42.139 co-operation requirements for Member States 42.128 definitions 42.109 – 42.126 exercise of Commission powers 42.129 informing Member States of major non-conformity 42.141 inspection programme 42.140 notice of inspections 42.133 participation of national inspectors 42.130 preparation of inspections 42.134 reports 42.136 response requirements 42.137 review obligations 42.142 structure 42.127 subject matter 42.108 technical assistance from EMSA 42.131 training and qualification criteria 42.131 ship repair, EU law relating to 23.001 – 23.009 shipbuilding 22.001 – 22.116 aims of the EU 22.022 – 22.024 challenges for the sector 22.009 – 22.019 CJEU and Commission case law on State aid 22.106 – 22.116 commercial overview 22.004 – 22.006 Council resolution on reorganisation of the industry 22.032 – 22.037 economic value 22.007 evolution of EU shipbuilding measures 22.024 legislative competence of the EU 22.020 OECD Agreement 22.029 – 22.031 OECD’s role 22.025 – 22.031 ship repair 23.001 – 23.009 State aid Germany 22.101 – 22.105 , 22.108 – 22.109 , 22.114 Spain 22.098 – 22.100 strategic significance 22.008 see also vessels, injurious pricing protection shipowner, community, definition 6.018 , 7.074 shipping global context 2.024 inefficiency 49.063 Member States’ attitudes and policies 49.071 – 49.074 role of in the EU 49.069 shipping crisis 5.036 , 5.038 shipping pools 12.143 – 12.151 ships reporting formalities for ships in EU ports see also vessels short sea shipping 41.001 – 41.011 commercial significance 2.011 – 2.012 Commission communication 41.010 Commission’s interest in 49.032 communications 5.122 the concept 39.002 Council resolution 5.125 , 41.003 current thinking of the EU 41.011 resolution on intermodality and intermodal freight transport 41.008 – 41.009 resolution on promotion of 5.136 , 41.004 – 41.007 Single European Act (SEA) 3.026 Sloman Neptun litigation 6.093 Slovakia, shipping analysis 2.119 Slovenia, shipping analysis 2.120 – 2.121 Spain cabotage and 7.057 shipping analysis 2.122 – 2.128 State aid Commission Decision 98/157 22.098 – 22.100 shipyards 22.112 – 22.113 State aid 49.060 Commission communications 15.028 – 15.029 the concept 15.014 , 15.016 decisions and judgments 15.030 Italian oil and chemical tankers breakup scheme 22.110 maritime sector 15.030 , 15.032 maritime transport, Commission guidelines 15.033 – 15.056 motorways of the seas 15.056 – 15.061 ports 15.071 – 15.075 , 15.076 – 15.115 application issues 15.095 block exemption regulation 15.115 – 15.121 infrastructure financing 15.105 – 15.108 land sale and purchase 15.100 – 15.104 maritime security financing 15.109 market definition 15.096 mergers and acquisitions 15.110 notification of the Commission 15.112 ports as undertakings 15.097 – 15.099 principles 15.113 – 15.114 relevance of rules 15.080 – 15.094 subsidisation of public services 15.111 seafarers 15.125 – 15.127 ship management companies 15.062 – 15.070 shipping and ports 15.001 – 15.128 Page 1841 shipping sector 15.124 tonnage tax 15.122 – 15.123 Treaty provisions 15.018 – 15.027 Sweden cabotage and 7.058 shipping analysis 2.129 – 2.132 SWOT analysis opportunities 49.045 – 49.048 strengths 49.034 – 49.040 threats 49.049 – 49.050 weaknesses 49.041 – 49.044 taxation 49.058 of cargoes, Haahr Petroleum Ltd v Åbenrå Havn and others case 7.138 – 7.144 EU policy 49.058 EUROS proposal and 6.157 of shipping activities 49.058 tonnage tax 15.122 – 15.123 technology, EU’s use of 49.057 training minimum training levels of seafarers 8.091 – 8.195 , 8.292 staff training for port services 43.075 training of seafarers Directive 94/58 5.118 Directive 2008/106 amendment 31.087 amendment and exercise of delegation 8.189 – 8.191 application 8.125 background 31.006 certification certificates and endorsements 8.128 – 8.130 , 31.050 – 31.056 recognition of certificates 8.166 – 8.171 , 31.078 Committee procedure 31.089 communication of provisions 8.194 company responsibilities 8.157 – 8.160 , 31.068 – 31.072 compliance monitoring 8.186 definitions 8.094 – 8.124 , 31.007 – 31.047 delegation of power 31.088 detention of vessels 8.185 , 31.083 dispensation 8.162 – 8.163 , 31.074 evaluation reporting 31.086 fitness for duty 8.161 , 31.073 fraud and unlawful practices prevention 31.062 information for statistical purposes 8.187 information provision requirements 31.085 medical fitness standards 8.135 – 8.136 , 31.065 monitoring 8.089 monitoring of compliance 31.084 near-coastal voyages, governing principles 31.058 – 31.061 non-compliance with STCW Convention requirements 8.172 – 8.178 , 31.079 on-board communication 8.165 , 31.077 penalties/disciplinary measures 8.132 , 8.192 , 31.063 , 31.090 port State control procedures 8.180 – 8.184 , 31.081 – 31.082 prevention of fraud/unlawful practices 8.131 quality standards 8.133 – 8.134 , 31.064 reassessment requirements 8.179 , 31.080 repeal 8.195 , 31.092 reporting requirements 8.188 responsibilities of Member States 8.164 revalidation of certificates 8.137 – 8.142 , 31.066 scope 31.048 simulator-based training 8.143 – 8.156 , 31.067 training and assessment responsibilities of Member States 31.075 – 31.076 training and certification requirements 8.126 , 31.049 , 31.057 transitional provisions 8.193 , 31.091 tramp shipping competition law, application 12.072 – 12.080 , 12.163 – 12.179 joint ventures 12.175 – 12.179 market definition 12.165 – 12.169 pool agreements 12.170 – 12.174 transport 4.001 – 4.078 European Economic Area and 4.072 evolution of EU transport law 4.073 – 4.076 importance in the EU 4.002 Regulation 4056/86 and 11.031 – 11.040 secondary legislation 4.071 sources of EU transport law 4.007 TFEU 4.016 – 4.017 Article 4 4.019 Article 58 4.020 – 4.021 Article 90 4.022 – 4.027 Article 91 4.028 – 4.037 Article 92 4.036 – 4.038 Article 93 4.039 – 4.042 Article 94 4.043 – 4.044 Article 95 4.045 – 4.049 Article 96 4.050 – 4.052 Article 97 4.053 – 4.054 Article 98 4.055 – 4.056 Article 99 4.057 , 4.059 Article 100 4.060 – 4.070 treaties and 4.008 – 4.015 Page 1842 transport law 4.001 – 4.078 adoption and administration 4.006 legal basis 4.005 sources 4.007 treaties Merger Treaty 3.020 Treaty of Brussels 3.022 Treaty of Lisbon 3.017 , 3.030 , 3.100 Treaty of Rome 3.005 – 3.006 Treaty on European Union 25.005 – 25.035 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) 25.036 – 25.056 undertakings agreements between 10.057 – 10.058 in the context of Article 102 10.123 in the context of Regulation 4057/86 on dumping 17.040 – 17.042 decisions by associations of 10.069 definition 10.027 – 10.050 particular entities as 10.029 – 10.050 ports as 13.019 – 13.022 , 15.097 – 15.099 United Kingdom (UK) cabotage and 7.061 position during formation of the European communities 3.019 ratification/accession to UN Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences 9.076 shipping analysis 2.133 – 2.141 Viking litigation 6.127 United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) 49.019 Convention on a Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences 5.022 , 5.047 , 9.015 – 9.047 adoption of UN code 5.031 annual reports 9.039 application 9.026 Commission proposal 9.055 conference agreements 9.034 consultation machinery 9.040 decision-making 9.031 dispensation 9.037 entry into force 9.022 and EU law 9.048 – 9.069 freight rates 9.041 – 9.042 , 9.044 criteria for determination 9.042 general increases 9.044 promotional 9.045 loyalty arrangements 9.036 member states 9.071 – 9.077 membership 9.028 objectives and principles 9.020 – 9.021 participation 9.029 perspectives on 9.023 – 9.025 Regulation 1490/2007 9.070 relations between conference members 9.027 – 9.047 relations with shippers 9.035 – 9.040 sanctions 9.032 self-policing 9.033 surcharges 9.046 tariffs 9.038 , <: 9.043 UNCTAD negotiations 9.016 – 9.019 see also ratification/accession to UN Code of Conduct for Liner Conferences Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS III) 6.031 – 6.034 Convention on the Registration of Ships 1986 6.033 – 6.034 , 6.036 – 6.044 vessels dismantling and recycling 24.001 – 24.099 injurious pricing protection Regulation 2016/1035 22.038 – 22.097 alternative remedies 22.090 definition of “Union industry” 22.069 denial of loading and unloading rights as countermeasure 22.091 – 22.092 determining “injurious pricing” 22.057 – 22.067 determining “injury” 22.068 imposition of injurious pricing charge 22.089 initiation of proceedings 22.070 – 22.080 investigation 22.081 , 22.087 organisational issues 22.093 – 22.097 principles and definitions 22.045 – 22.056 inspection of see inspection of ships medical treatment on board see medical treatment on board vessels recycling 24.003 – 24.010 repair of 23.001 – 23.009 see also recycling of ships; ships Viking litigation 6.118 – 6.140 CJEU’s ruling 6.139 free movement question 6.132 horizontal direct effect and Article 49 question 6.134 UK court action 6.127 wages 13.022 working time of seafarers 35.001

The rest of this document is only available to i-law.com online subscribers.

If you are already a subscriber, please enter your details below to log in.

Enter your email address to log in as a user on your corporate account.
Remember me on this computer

Not yet an i-law subscriber?

Devices

Request a trial Find out more