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Index

Online Arbitration


Page 195

Index

Index

  • AAA 1.23.3, 2.1.2
  • AAA–Cybersettle Strategic Alliance 4.2
    • advance case filing and management systems 4.2
    • experience 4.2
    • merits 4.2
    • professional regulation 4.2
    • reputation 4.2
  • AAA WebFile 3.2
  • ABA 1.23.3
  • accessibility 2.1.8.3
  • accessibility of online arbitration platforms 4.6
  • accountability 2.1.8.2
  • accreditation 2.1.8.4
  • advanced technologies 4.1
  • alternative dispute resolution
  • Amazon
    • notice and takedown procedures 4.2
  • applicable law 6.2
    • foreign awards 6.2
    • instructions of parties 6.2
    • international arbitration 6.2
    • location of party 6.2
    • New York Convention 6.2
    • pre–agreement 6.2
    • UK Arbitration Act 1996 6.2
  • appointment of online arbitrators 4.3
    • harmonised best practice 4.3
    • neutrals’ ethics 4.3
    • personal data 4.3
    • specific knowledge or expertise 4.3
    • UNCITRAL Draft Procedural Rules 4.3
  • arbitral awards 1.1.2, 1.1.3, 1.2.3.2, 1.2.3.4, 2.1.8.1, 2.1.8.6, 3.4, 3.8, 4.3, 4.7, 5.1.1, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 7.1, 7.2
  • arbitration agreements 3.6
    • China 5.1.2
    • dispute resolution clause 3.6
    • electronic contracts, as 5.1.1
    • EU Directives 5.1.2
    • format 3.6
    • generating 3.6
    • incorporation via electronic means 5.1.2
    • meaning 5.1.1
    • online, validity of 5.1
    • reasonableness and fairness test 5.1.2
    • recognised in writing 5.1.1
    • recognised methods of incorporation 5.1.2
    • recognition of forming 5.1.1
    • separability 5.1.2
    • submitting 3.6
    • technological measures of agreeing 5.1.2
    • UK legislation 5.1.2
    • unconscionableness test 5.1.2
    • US legislation 5.1.2
  • Arbitrator Intelligence 4.3
  • artificial intelligence 4.6
  • artificial intelligence technologies 4.1
  • authority 4.2
  • automated alert 6.4, 7.2
  • automated clause 4.7, 7.2
  • automated computing 3.1, 4.1, 4.6
  • automated decision 4.2, 4.8
  • automated ethnical checking system 3.4
  • case–based reasoning 4.6
  • challenge of awards 6.3
  • Chinese approach 1.2.3.4
  • choice of procedure rules 3.3
  • choice of service provider 3.2
  • CIETAC 2.1.4, 2.1.7
  • CIETAC Online Arbitration Rules 3.1, 3.2
  • cloud computing 3.1, 3.2
  • commencement of arbitration proceedings 3.7
  • commercial arbitration agreements 5.3
    • applicable law 5.3
    • categories for

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      determination of validity 5.3
    • contracts of adhesion 5.3
    • reasonable notification 5.3
  • confidentiality 2.1.8.2
  • consent awards 6.1
  • consumer arbitration agreements 5.2
    • confirmation in durable medium 5.2.1
    • display on website 5.2.1
    • emergence of new technologies, and 5.2.1
    • enforceability 5.2.1
    • hyperlink 5.2.1
    • pre–dispute 5.2.1
    • private 5.2
    • reasonableness and fairness 5.2.1
    • UK Consumer Agreements Act 1988 5.2.1
    • US 5.2.1
  • contracts of adhesion 5.3
  • cooperation agreements 4.2
  • credibility 2.1.8.4
  • Cybersettle 2.1.2
  • dispute resolution
    • traditional means 1.1.1
  • disputing parties 4.1
  • domain names
    • online arbitration 1.2.1
  • due process 6.4
  • durable medium 4.4
  • eBay 2.1.1
  • efficiency 2.1.8.1
  • electronic evidence 3.5, 4.4
    • admission 4.4
    • authenticity 4.4
    • CIETAC, and 4.4
    • discretion as to 4.4
    • durable medium 4.4
    • harmonisation, need for 4.4
    • record 4.4
    • reliability 4.4
    • UN Convention 4.4
    • UNCITRAL Draft Procedural Rules 4.4
  • electronic mediation agreement 2.1.8.6
  • electronic records 1.2.1, 2.1.8.1, 2.1.8.5, 2.1.8.6, 4.4, 7.2
  • electronic seal 4.4
  • electronic signature 4.4
  • enforceability 2.1.8.6
  • enforcement of online arbitral awards 6.16.4
  • eQuibbly 3.2
  • ethics of online arbitrators 3.4
  • EU framework 1.2.3.2
  • EU ODR Regulation 3.1
  • EU single ODR portal 3.1
  • European Small Claims Procedure 3.1
  • evidence, format of 3.5
  • evidentiary hearing 3.5
  • expansion of general ODR systems 4.1
  • expert determination 3.5
  • expert systems 4.6
  • expert witnesses 3.5
  • expertise 4.2
  • future legislative trends 7.1
    • appropriate approaches 7.1
    • legislative enhancement 7.1
    • party autonomy 7.1
    • place of business 7.1
    • subject–specific laws 7.1
  • general regulations
    • further development 3.1
  • ICANN 2.1.3
  • impartiality of arbitrators 3.4
  • institutional arbitration rules 3.3
  • integrity of online arbitration platforms 4.6
  • intelligent/ advanced ODR 4.6
  • international harmonisation 1.2.3.4
  • international harmonised best practices 7.1, 7.2
  • international procedural rules 3.3
  • international regulatory development 1.2.3.1
  • internet–related disputes
    • unique characteristics 7.1
  • internet–related issues
    • online arbitration, and 1.2.1
  • jurisdiction 6.2
    • foreign awards 6.2
    • international arbitration 6.2
    • location of party 6.2
    • New York Convention 6.2
    • UK Arbitration Act 1996 6.2
  • legal framework for online arbitral awards 6.1
    • consent awards 6.1
    • hard copy originals 6.1
    • level of reasoning 6.1
    • UNCITRAL Draft ODR Procedural Rules 6.1
    • writing requirement 6.1
  • legal seat of arbitration 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 7.1, 7.2
  • legislative measures 1.2.3
  • online arbitral awards 3.8
    • contents 3.8
    • design of ODR platform 3.8
    • format 3.8
    • issuance 3.8
    • time limits 3.8
  • online arbitration
    • digital products 1.2.1
    • domain names 1.2.1
    • internet–related issues 1.2.1
    • obstacles to use 1.2
    • suitability of types of cases 1.2.1
  • online arbitration rules
    • text Appendix II
  • Online Dispute Resolution (ODR)
    • advent of 1.1.3
    • concepts of 1.1
    • definition 1.1.3
    • enforceability, principle of 2.1.7
    • harmonisation 1.1.3
    • in rem jurisdiction 1.2.1
    • international element 1.2.3.1
    • international regulatory development 1.2.3.1
    • legal issues 1.2.3.1
    • legislative development 1.1.3
    • legislative measures 1.2.3
    • recent development of services 2.1.6
    • technological advancement and constraints 1.2–2
    • Technological Notes 1.2.3.1
    • technologically neutral definition 1.2.3.1
    • UN Working Group 1.2.3.1
    • underlying technical principles 1.1.3
  • online negotiation 1.1.3, 1.2.3.4, 2.1.1, 2.1.2, 2.1.6, 2.1.8.4, 3.1, 4.2
  • Oregon eCourt 4.1
  • party-appointed experts 3.5
  • personal IT equipment
  • pre-agreed procedures 6.4, 7.2
  • pre-dispute arbitration agreement 5.2.1
  • pre-dispute arbitration clause 5.1.1, 5.2.1, 6.4, 7.1, 7.2
  • preliminary hearing 3.7
  • private companies 3.2
  • procedures 3.13.8
  • process of hearing 3.7
  • public/ statutory small claims arbitration 5.2.2
  • Rechtwijzer 2.0 2.1.5
  • recognition and enforcement of awards 6.4
    • binding, meaning 6.4
    • composition of tribunal 6.4
    • due process 6.4
    • grounds for refusal 6.4
    • incapacity of parties 6.4
    • limited grounds for refusal 6.4
    • matters beyond scope of submission to arbitration 6.4
    • New York Convention 6.4
    • validity of agreement 6.4
  • recognition of forming arbitration agreements via electronic communications 5.1.1
  • Regulation (EU) No 524/2013
    • text Appendix I
  • reputation 4.2
  • robotic arbitrators 4.8, 7.2
  • robotisation of lawyers 4.6
  • Russian Online Arbitration Regulation 2.1.7
  • seat of online arbitration 4.7
    • see also applicable law
    • see also jurisdiction
    • failure to agree on 4.6
    • importance of 4.7
    • machine intelligence, and 4.6
    • national law 4.6
    • selection of 4.7
    • UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules 4.6
    • UNCITRAL Model Law 4.6
    • UNCTRIAL Notes on Organizing Arbitral Proceedings 4.6
  • security 2.1.8.5
  • security of online arbitration platforms 4.6
  • selection of online arbitrators 3.4
    • changing 3.4
    • China Arbitration Law 3.4
    • impartiality 3.4
    • multiple parties 3.4
    • technical issues 3.4
  • self–regulated rules 3.3
  • service-oriented computing 1.1.3, 4.1, 4.6, 4.8, 5.1.2
  • smart ODR systems 4.1
  • solutions to obstacles in online arbitration 7.2
    • appropriate technical measures 7.2
    • determination of validity of agreements and awards 7.2
    • interpretation of procedural rules 7.2
    • reliable service provider 7.2
    • well–drafted agreement 7.2
  • SquareTrade 2.1.1
  • strategic alliance 4.2
  • systemic legal development 4.14.8
  • systemic technological development 4.14.8
  • UK Bar Council guidelines 3.2
  • UNCITRAL Draft ODR Procedural Rules 3.1
  • US trend 1.2.3.3
  • users’ awareness 4.8
  • users’ protection 4.8
  • validity of online arbitration agreements 5.1
  • VeRO 4.2
  • WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Centre 3.2
  • WIPO ECAF 3.2
  • WIPO–UDRP 2.1.3
  • witnesses 4.5
    • attendance 4.5
    • testimony 4.5

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