Breach of an unless order
Neary v Governing Body of St Albans Girls’ School and another  EWCA Civ 1190
Parliament deliberately did not incorporate r3.9(1) of the Civil Procedure Rules into employment tribunal practice when it
chose to incorporate the overriding objective. That was because employment tribunal proceedings are intended to be a short,
simple and informal as possible. High Court and county court practice accordingly differed from that of employment tribunals.
Nor should the rules requirements be incorporated by judicial decision. While a judge should of course consider all relevant
factors and avoid considering any irrelevant ones, and he may might find the factors within r3.9(1) to a be a helpful checklist,
he was not under a duty expressly to set out his views on every one of those factors. The court overruled the line of EAT
authority developed from
Goldman Sachs v Montali ( ICR 1251) and
Maresca v Motor Insurance Repair Research Centre ( ICR 197) requiring specific consideration of all the factors in r3.9(1).
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