Exercise of jurisdiction
Having considered in Chapter 2 the scope of the subject-matter jurisdiction of the Admiralty Court, it is necessary to consider in this chapter the manner in which that jurisdiction may be exercised, and the limits imposed by law upon the exercise of that jurisdiction. Admiralty jurisdiction may be exercised in personam or in rem . 1 The exercise of in personam jurisdiction does not raise any peculiar difficulties as an Admiralty claim in personam is essentially no different to a claim in the Commercial Court or in the Queen’s Bench Division. All cases within the jurisdiction may be brought by an Admiralty claim in personam , but the unique and most important feature of litigation in the Admiralty Court is the ability in certain cases and in certain circumstances to bring an Admiralty claim in rem . The words used by Coote 2 in 1860 are equally applicable today:
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