KUM AND ANOTHER v. WAH TAT BANK LTD. AND ANOTHER
 1 Lloyd's Rep. 439
JUDICIAL COMMITTEE OFTHE PRIVY COUNCIL
Before Lord Upjohn, Lord Devlin and Lord Pearson
Conversion - Misdelivery of goods by carrier without production of mate's receipts - Whether mate's receipts equivalent to bills of lading - Custom of trade - Whether carriers and shippers estopped from denying consignee's right to possession and precluded from ordering delivery of goods to any other person - Liability of carrier.
Mate's receipts - Whether documents of title - Effect of custom of trade and words "not negotiable".
Bill of lading - Function - Whether to effect delivery as between consignee and consignor.
Estoppel - Mate's receipts - Whether shipper and carrier estopped from denying consignee's right to possession.