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Lloyd's Law Reports

FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA v PROCESS & INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENTS LTD

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 1
Arbitration – Serious irregularity – Whether award obtained by fraud or contrary to public policy – Substantial injustice – Loss of the right to object – Arbitration Act 1996, sections 68 and 73.

HERCULITO MARITIME LTD AND OTHERS v GUNVOR INTERNATIONAL BV AND OTHERS (THE "POLAR")

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 85
Contracts – General average – Bill of lading – Charterparty – General average bond – General average guarantee – Charterparty containing agreement that charterer pay insurance premium – Kidnap and ransom insurance – War risks insurance – Shipowner having paid ransom to pirates – Whether charterparty providing insurance code and fund – Whether bill of lading holders able to rely on charterparty insurance terms to refuse payment under general average bond – Incorporation of charterparty terms into bill of lading – Whether manipulation of incorporated terms permitted.

MUNICÍPIO DE MARIANA AND OTHERS v BHP GROUP (UK) LTD AND ANOTHER

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 106
Arbitration – Stay of proceedings – Contribution claim – Parties to the arbitration agreement – Scope of agreement – Abuse of process – Arbitration Act 1996, section 9.

RSM PRODUCTION CORPORATION v GAZ DU CAMEROUN SA

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 133
Arbitration – Anti-suit injunction – Scope of arbitration clause – Optional arbitration clause – Jurisdiction – Disclosure – Senior Courts Act 1981, section 37 – CPR 6.11 and 62.5.

DALSTON PROJECTS LTD AND OTHERS v THE SECRETARY OF STATE FOR TRANSPORT

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 143
Sanctions – Detention of vessel by Secretary of State – Vessel owned by person “connected with” Russia – Owner not a person designated for sanctions – Purpose of the Sanctions and Anti-Money Laundering Act 2018 – Russia (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019, as amended – Proportionality – European Convention on Human Rights.

THE FRENCH STATE v THE LONDON STEAM-SHIP OWNERS' MUTUAL INSURANCE ASSOCIATION LTD

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 157
Arbitration – Error of law – Extension of time for appeal – Breach of obligation to arbitrate – Definition of “award” – Equitable compensation – Injunctive relief against a state – Arbitration Act 1996, sections 48, 66 and 69 – State Immunity Act 1978, section 13.

UNICREDIT BANK AG v EURONAV NV

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 177
Contracts (bills of lading) – Status of bill of lading in hands of original shipper – Delivery without production of the bill of lading – Bill of lading issued by shipowner – Charterparty novated to third party – Bill of lading evidencing a contract of carriage – Receipt function – Whether shipowner's obligations contained in charterparty or bill of lading – Lawful holder of bill of lading – Liability – Quantum – Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1992.

LONDON STEAM-SHIP OWNERS' MUTUAL INSURANCE ASSOCIATION LTD v KINGDOM OF SPAIN (THE "PRESTIGE")

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 199
Arbitration – Appeal against award – Whether arbitrator had jurisdiction to disregard judgment of Court of Justice of the European Union – Issue estoppel – Public policy – Equitable compensation – Award of injunction against a state – Damages in lieu of injunction – Arbitration Act 1996, sections 48, 66, 67, 68 and 69 – State Immunity Act 1978, section 13 – Senior Courts Act 1981, section 50 – Brussels Regulation (EC) No 44/2001, articles 1 and 34.

CARMICHAEL RAIL NETWORK PTY LTD v BBC CHARTERING CARRIERS GMBH & CO KG (THE "BBC NILE")

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 267
Contracts of carriage – Bill of lading – Carriage of cargo of steel rails between ports in different Australian states – Carrier commencing London arbitration on LMAA terms – Bill of lading containing clause paramount, choice of law clause and jurisdiction clause – Effect of foreign choice of law and jurisdiction clauses in respect of inter-state carriage – Anti-suit injunction – Stay – FIOST clauses – Australian amended Hague Rules – Carriage of Goods by Sea Act 1991 (Cth), sections 10(1)(b)(ii), 11(2) and article 3(8) of schedule 1A.

JSD CORPORATION PTE LTD v TRI-LINE EXPRESS PTE LTD

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 285
Contract – Remedies – Damages – Measure of loss – Party's existing property damaged during transport by a carrier – Outstanding repair costs – Party intending to carry out outstanding repairs – Cost of cure – Diminution in value – Reasonableness.

SMART GAIN SHIPPING CO LTD v LANGLOIS ENTERPRISES LTD (THE "GLOBE DANAE")

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 309
Charterparty (time) – Hire – Hull fouling – Hull cleaning – Shipowner undertaking hull cleaning following redelivery – Whether shipowner to claim hire for the hull cleaning period or damages – Meaning of “always at charterers’ time” – Liability for time – Owners not required to show loss of time.

DB v AUSTRIAN AIRLINES AG

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep 317
Aviation – Liability of air carriers for death or injury sustained by passengers – Meaning of “accident” – Bodily injuries aggravated by first aid administered following accident on board aircraft – Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air 1999 (Montreal Convention), articles 17(1), 29 and 35.

FMG HONG KONG SHIPPING LTD, THE DEMISE CHARTERERS OF FMG SYDNEY v THE OWNERS OF MSC APOLLO

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep 322
Admiralty – Collision – Fault – Meaning of early and substantial action – Crossing rules – Duties of give-way vessel – Head-on situation – Collision Regulations, rules 14, 15, 16 and 17.

STAR AXE I LLC v ROYAL AND SUN ALLIANCE LUXEMBOURG SA - BELGIAN BRANCH AND OTHERS

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep 342
General average – Congenbill 1994 – York-Antwerp Rules incorporated into bills of lading including “any subsequent modifications” – Meaning of “any subsequent modifications” – Whether rights and obligations in general average governed by York-Antwerp Rules 1994 or York-Antwerp Rules 2016.

UNICREDIT BANK GMBH v RUSCHEMALLIANCE LLC

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep 350
Arbitration – Anti-suit injunction – Law applicable to arbitration clause – Whether injunction should be granted to protect arbitration with foreign seat – Senior Courts Act 1981, section 37 – CPR 6.37 – CPR PD6B.

CZECH REPUBLIC v DIAG HUMAN SE AND ANOTHER

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 367
Arbitration – Investment arbitration – Appeal on jurisdictional grounds – Whether appeal precluded by failure to raise matters in arbitration – Whether matters were jurisdictional – Serious irregularity – Failure to deal with all points – Possibility of correction by tribunal – Arbitration Act 1996, sections 31, 57, 67, 68, 70 and 72.

UK P&I CLUB NV AND ANOTHER v REPUBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA (THE "RCGS RESOLUTE")

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 417
Arbitration – Anti-suit injunction – Direct action against insurers by third-party state – Whether third-party state bound by arbitration clause – Whether anti-suit injunction could be granted against a state – State Immunity Act 1978, sections 1, 9 and 13 – European Convention on Human Rights, article 6.

BORDER TIMBERS LTD AND ANOTHER v REPUBLIC OF ZIMBABWE

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 427
Arbitration – ICSID – Enforcement of award – Sovereign immunity – Non-disclosure – State Immunity Act 1978, sections 1, 2 and 9 – Arbitration (International Investment Disputes) Act 1966, section 2 – ICSID Convention 1965, articles 53, 54 and 55 – Civil Procedure Rules, 62.21.

H1 AND ANOTHER v W AND OTHERS

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 449
Arbitration – Insurance – Application of policy to accident on film set – Arbitrator's treatment of witnesses – Whether potential bias – Whether arbitrator should be removed – Anonymity – Arbitration Act 1996, section 24.

SODZAWICZNY v SMITH AND ANOTHER

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 466
Arbitration – Stay of proceedings – Whether judicial proceedings related to a matter to be referred to arbitration – Anti-arbitration injunction – Grounds upon which relief could be granted – Arbitration Act 1996, section 9.

DELOS SHIPHOLDING SA AND OTHERS v ALLIANZ GLOBAL CORPORATE AND SPECIALTY SE AND OTHERS

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 489
Insurance (marine) – War and allied risks – Detention – Constructive total loss – Whether loss fortuitous – Effect of exclusion for customs or quarantine regulations and similar arrests – Suing and labouring – Non-disclosure – Knowledge and materiality – Late payment of claims – Marine Insurance Act 1906, section 55 – Insurance Act 2015, sections 3, 4 and 13A.

MSC MEDITERRANEAN SHIPPING CO SA v STOLT TANK CONTAINERS BV AND OTHERS (THE "MSC FLAMINIA") (NO 2)

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 535
Admiralty – Limitation of liability – Tonnage limitation – Shipowner – Charterer – Shipowner claiming against charterer in respect of losses suffered by shipowner – Limitation fund – Consequential losses – Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims 1976, article 2.

SHARP CORP LTD v VITERRA BV (PREVIOUSLY KNOWN AS GLENCORE AGRICULTURE BV)

[2024] 1 Lloyd's Rep. 568
Sale of goods – Measure of loss – Valuation of goods – Compensatory principle – Mitigation – GAFTA default clause – GAFTA 24 – Arbitration – Court's jurisdiction on appeal on a question of law – Arbitration Act 1996, section 69.

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