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Index

Understanding International Arbitration

Page 246 Index Index Ad hoc arbitration 2 , 15 – 16 Administered arbitration see Institutional arbitration Advantages of arbitration 2 , 16 – 21 Agreement to arbitrate see Arbitration agreement Annulment of arbitral awards: in general 205 – 208 ; grounds for annulment (in general) 216 ; time-limits 208 ; waiver of the right to seek annulment 208 – 209 Answer (to a request for arbitration) 137 – 138 Anti-suit injunction 86 – 87 Appointment of arbitrators 7 , 97 – 98 , 100 – 116 Arbitrability 1 , 10 – 11 , 51 , 54 – 58 , 229 – 230 Arbitral award: in general 4 , 173 – 174 ; award by consent 178 – 180 ; default award 177 – 178 ; delivery 185 – 186 ; final and partial awards 174 – 176 ; requirements of validity 181 – 185 Arbitral institutions see Institutional arbitration Arbitral order 173 – 174 Arbitration agreement: in general 51 – 96 ; consent 53 – 54 ; incorporation by reference 8 – 9 ; law applicable to the arbitration agreement 46 – 48 ; nature 85 – 86 ; pre-dispute agreement 51 , 58 – 62 ; post-dispute agreement 51 , 62 ; scope 82 – 85 , 142 , 218 – 221 ; separability 46 – 48 , 62 – 65 ; validity 65 – 82 , 142 Arbitration clause see Arbitration agreement Arbitrators’ contract 122 – 123 Bifurcation 146 Binary clause 103 – 104 Case management conference 142 – 144 Cause of action estoppel see Res judicata Challenge of arbitral awards see Annulment of arbitral awards Challenge of arbitrators 99 , 116 – 120 Closing of the proceedings 153 Competence-competence 67 – 71 Composition of the tribunal 221 – 224 Compromis see Arbitration agreement Concurring opinion 196 – 197 Confidentiality 3 , 21 , 134 – 136 Consumer arbitration 14 Cost: in general 21 – 22 ; advance on costs 147 – 149 ; allocation of costs 191 – 192 Decision on Jurisdiction see Award Declaratory relief 188 – 189 Deliberations 154 , 194 – 195 Dissenting opinion 196 Document production 156 – 158 Domestic character of arbitration 2 , 11 – 12 Double exequatur 211 – 212 , 234 – 235 Drawbacks of arbitration 2 Due process violations 221 – 229 . 231 – 233 Emergency arbitrator 138 – 139 Enforceability 19 – 20 Error on point of law 230 – 231 European Convention on International Commercial Arbitration 212 Exequatur see Recognition and enforcement Expedited arbitration 165 – 167 Expertise 20 , 24 Finality 1 , 9 – 10 , 19 Functus officio 174 – 176 General terms and conditions 77 – 78 Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards 211 – 212 , 234 Geneva Protocol on Arbitration Clauses 211 IBA Guidelines on Conflicts of Interest in International Arbitration 114 – 116 IBA Rules of Ethics for International Arbitrators 114 – 116 IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration 129 , 156 Independence and impartiality 98 , 111 – 120 Institutional arbitration 2 , 15 – 16 , 33 – 36 , 110 – 111 , 119 Page 247 Inter-American Convention on International Commercial Arbitration 212 Interest 187 – 188 Interim relief see Provisional (interim) relief International character of arbitration 2 , 11 – 12 Interviews of prospective arbitrators 116 Issue estoppel see Res judicata Jurisdiction 22 – 23 , 65 – 82 , 217 – 218 Lex arbitri 26 , 30 – 33 Liability of arbitrators 99 , 123 – 124 Litigation: comparison with arbitration 3 ; preclusive effect of arbitration clause 7 – 9 Mandatory rules 43 – 44 Mediation 3 Merits: choice of law agreement 36 – 44 ; ex aequo et bono and amiable compositeur 42 – 43 ; floating choice of law clauses 40 ; law applicable to the merits 36 – 46 ; multiple applicable laws 38 – 39 ; split clause 39 – 40 ; a-national rules 40 – 41 Monetary compensation 186 – 187 Multiparty proceedings 161 – 165 Neutrality 17 – 18 New York Convention see Recognition and enforcement Number of arbitrators 105 – 107 Oral hearings 150 – 153 Order see Arbitral order Party autonomy 1 , 4 – 7 , 36 – 44 , 128 – 129 Post-hearing submissions 153 Power 23 – 24 Provisional (interim) relief 139 – 142 Public policy 43 – 44 , 231 – 233 Punitive damages 187 Qualifications to serve as an arbitrator 109 – 110 Recognition and enforcement: in general 205 – 206 ; difference between recognition and enforcement 209 – 210 ; law applicable to recognition and enforcement 211 ; obligations arising from the New York Convention 211 – 213 ; requirements under the New York Convention 213 – 216 ; suspension of recognition and enforcement proceedings pending annulment proceedings 239 Redfern schedule 158 Remedies 186 – 191 Removal of arbitrators 120 Replacement of arbitrators 99 Request for arbitration 137 – 138 Res judicata 192 – 194 Seat of arbitration 29 – 33 , 132 – 134 Selection of arbitrators see Appointment of arbitrators Separability see Arbitration agreement Separate opinion 196 – 197 Setting aside see Annulment of arbitral awards Specific performance 189 – 190 Speed 18 – 19 State entities 2 , 11 – 12 Statement of claim 148 – 150 Statement of defense 148 – 150 State-State arbitration 14 – 15 Terms of reference 144 – 146 Third parties: in general 88 – 93 , 129 ; agency 88 – 89 ; assignment 89 ; group of companies 91 – 93 ; piercing the corporate veil 90 Truncated tribunal 121 – 122 Witnesses 158 – 161

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