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International Law of the Shipmaster

LIST OF ACRONYMS LIST OF ACRONYMS ABEDA Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa ACCT Agency for the French-Speaking Community (see International Organization of the French-speaking World) ACP Group African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group of States AfDB African Development Bank AFESD Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development Air Pollution Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Nitrogen Oxides or Their Transboundary Fluxes Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulphur 85 Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30% Air Pollution-Sulphur 94 Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds or Their Transboundary Fluxes AMF Arab Monetary Fund Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty Antarctic Marine Living Resources Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources Antarctic Seals Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals ANZUS Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Arabsat Arab Satellite Communications Organization ARF ASEAN Regional Forum ADB Asian Development Bank ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations AU African Union Autodin Automatic Digital Network BA Baltic Assembly bbl/day barrels per day BCIE Central American Bank for Economic Integration BDEAC Central African States Development Bank Benelux Benelux Economic Union BIMSTEC Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multisectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation Biodiversity Convention on Biological Diversity BGN United States Board on Geographic Names BIS Bank for International Settlements BSEC Black Sea Economic Cooperation Zone C Commonwealth c.i.f. cost, insurance, and freight CACM Central American Common Market CAEU Council of Arab Economic Unity CAN Andean Community of Nations Caricom Caribbean Community and Common Market CB citizen’s band mobile radio communications CBSS Council of the Baltic Sea States CCC Customs Cooperation Council CDB Caribbean Development Bank CE Council of Europe CEI Central European Initiative CEMAC Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa CEPGL Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research CEPT Conference Europeanne des Poste et Telecommunications CIA Central Intelligence Agency CIS Commonwealth of Independent States CITES see Endangered Species Climate Change United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change COCOM Coordinating Committee on Export Controls Comsat Communications Satellite Corporation COMESA Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa CP Colombo Plan CPLP Comunidade dos Paises de Lingua Portuguesa CSTO Collective Security Treaty Organization CTBTO Preparation commission for the Nuclear-Ban-Treaty Operation CY calendar year DC developed country DDT dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane Desertification United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa DIA United States Defense Intelligence Agency DSN Defense Switched Network DST daylight savings time DWT deadweight ton EAC East African Community EADB East African Development Bank EAEC Eurasian Economic Community EAPC Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development EC European Community ECA Economic Commission for Africa ECE Economic Commission for Europe ECLAC Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean ECO Economic Cooperation Organization ECOSOC Economic and Social Council ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States ECSC European Coal and Steel Community EEC European Economic Community EFTA European Free Trade Association EEZ exclusive economic zone EIB European Investment Bank EMU European Monetary Union Endangered Species Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES) Entente Council of the Entente Environmental Modification Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques ESA European Space Agency ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific ESCWA Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia est. estimate EU European Union Euratom European Atomic Energy Community Eutelsat European Telecommunications Satellite Organization Ex-Im Export-Import Bank of the United States f.o.b. free on board FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FAX facsimile FLS Front Line States FOC flags of convenience FSU former Soviet Union FY fiscal year FZ Franc Zone G-2 Group of 2 G-3 Group of 3 G-5 Group of 5 G-6 Group of 6 G-7 Group of 7 G-8 Group of 8 G-9 Group of 9 G-10 Group of 10 G-15 Group of 15 G-ll Group of 11 G-24 Group of 24 G-77 Group of 77 GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade; now WTO GCC Gulf Cooperation Council GCTU General Confederation of Trade Unions GDP gross domestic product GMT Greenwich Mean Time GNP gross national product GRT gross register ton GSM global system for mobile cellular communications GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development; acronym for member states Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Moldova GWP gross world product Hazardous Wastes Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal HF high-frequency HIV/AIDS human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome IADB Inter-American Development Bank IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency IANA Internet Assigned Numbers Authority IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization ICC International Chamber of Commerce ICCt International Criminal Court ICJ International Court of Justice (World Court) ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross ICRM International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement ICSID International Center for Secretariat of Investment Disputes ICTR International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda ICTY International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia IDA International Development Association IDB Islamic Development Bank IDP Internally Displaced Person IEA International Energy Agency IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development IFC International Finance Corporation IFRCS International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies IGAD Inter-Governmental Authority on Development IHO International Hydrographie Organization ILO International Labor Organization IMF International Monetary Fund IMO International Maritime Organization IMSO International Mobile Satellite Organization Inmarsat International Maritime Satellite Organization InOC Indian Ocean Commission INSTRAW International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women Intelsat International Telecommunications Satellite Organization Interpol International Criminal Police Organization Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications IOC International Olympic Committee IOM International Organization for Migration IPU Inter-parliamentary Union ISO International Organization for Standardization ISP Internet Service Provider ITSO International Telecommunications Satellites Organization ITU International Telecommunication Union ITUC International Trade Union Confederation, the successor to ICFTU (International Confederation of Free Trade Unions) and the WCL (World Confederation of Labor) kHz kilohertz km kilometer kW kilowatt kWh kilowatt-hour LAES Latin American Economic System LAIA Latin American Integration Association LAS League of Arab States Law of the Sea United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOS) LDC less developed country LLDC least developed country London Convention see Marine Dumping LOS see Law of the Sea m meter Marecs Maritime European Communications Satellite Marine Dumping Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping Wastes and Other Matter Marine Life Conservation Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the High Seas MARPOL see Ship Pollution Medarabtel Middle East Telecommunications Project of the International Telecommunications Union Mercosur Southern Cone Common Market MHz megahertz MICAH International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti MINURSO United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara MIGA Multilateral Investment Geographic Agency MINUSTAH United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti MONUC United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo NA not available NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement NAM Nonaligned Movement NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NC Nordic Council NEA Nuclear Energy Agency NEGL negligible NGA National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency NIB Nordic Investment Bank NIC newly industrializing country NIE newly industrializing economy NIS new independent states nm nautical mile NMT Nordic Mobile Telephone NSG Nuclear Suppliers Group Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapons Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space, and Under Water NZ New Zealand OAPEC Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries OAS Organization of American States OAU Organization of African Unity; see African Union ODA official development assistance OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECS Organization of Eastern Caribbean States OHCHR Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights OIC Organization of the Islamic Conference OIF International Organization of the French-speaking World ONUB United Nations Operation in Burundi OOF other official flows OPANAL Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean OPCW Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries OSCE Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Ozone Layer Protection Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer PCA Permanent Court of Arbitration PFP Partnership for Peace PIF Pacific Islands Forum PPP purchasing power parity Ramsar see Wetlands RG Rio Group SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation SACU Southern African Customs Union SACEP South Asia Co-operative Environment Programme SADC Southern African Development Community SCO Shanghai Cooperation Organization SAFE South African Far East Cable SECI Southeast European Cooperative Initiative SHF super-high-frequency Ship Pollution Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution From Ships, 1973 (MARPOL) SICA Central American Integration System Sparteca South Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement SPC Secretariat of the Pacific Communities SPF South Pacific Forum sq km square kilometer sq mi square mile TAT Trans-Atlantic Telephone TEU Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit, a unit of measure for containerized cargo capacity Tropical Timber 83 International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1983 Tropical Timber 94 International Tropical Timber Agreement, 1994 UAE United Arab Emirates UDEAC Central African Customs and Economic Union UHF ultra-high-frequency UK United Kingdom UMA Arab Maghreb Union UN United Nations UNAMSIL United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, also known as LOS UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNDCP United Nations Drug Control Program UNDOF United Nations Disengagement Observer Force UNDP United Nations Development Program UNEP United Nations Environment Program UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization UNFICYP United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus UNFPA United Nations Population Fund UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund UNICRI United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute UNIDIR United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization UNIFIL United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon UNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and Research UNMEE United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea UNMIK United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo UNMIL United Nations Mission in Liberia UNMIT United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-L’este UNMOGIP United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan UNMOVIC United Nations Monitoring, Verification, and Inspection Commission UNOCI United Nations Operation in Cote d’Ivoire UNOMIG United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia UNOPS United Nations Office of Project Services UNRISD United Nations Research Institute for Social Development UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East UNSC United Nations Security Council UNSSC Untied Nations System Staff College UNTSO United Nations Truce Supervision Organization UNU United Nations University UNWTO World Tourism Organization UPU Universal Postal Union US United States USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet Union); used for information dated before 25 December 1991 UTC Coordinated Universal Time UV ultra violet VHF very-high-frequency VSAT very small aperture terminal WADB West African Development Bank WAEMU West African Economic and Monetary Union WCL World Confederation of Labor WCO World Customs Organization Wetlands Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially As Waterfowl Habitat WEU Western European Union WFP World Food Program WFTU World Federation of Trade Unions Whaling International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling WHO World Health Organization WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization WMO World Meteorological Organization WP Warsaw Pact WTO World Trade Organization ZC Zangger Committee

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