Shipping and the Environment
Limitation of Liability
Limitation of Liability for Pollution and HNS Damage
International conventions and US liability regimes governing compensation for pollution provide in general for limitation of the liabilities they impose. However, there are various circumstances in which liabilities relating to pollution may arise independently of those regimes, and independently of their liability limits. Liabilities may be incurred in this way either directly to claimants suffering pollution damage or by way of recourse to a shipowner or other party who has compensated claimants in the first instance. This chapter is concerned with questions which may then arise as to limitation of such liabilities under other national or international laws providing for the limitation of liability for maritime claims.