Charterparty (Voyage) – Demurrage – Vessel delayed at Port Harcourt by Nigerian authorities after loading cargo of crude oil – Whether charterers liable to pay demurrage at full or half rate – “Restraint of princes” – Whether cause of delay within “reasonable control of Charterers” – BPVOY3 form, clause 21. – Sale of goods (fob) – Whether buyers entitled to pass on demurrage liabilities to sellers – Whether sellers in breach of express or implied terms of contract – Whether sellers entitled to rely on force majeure exception – Whether cause of delay within “reasonable control of either party” – Whether unlawful act of Government minister broke chain of causation – Sale of Goods Act 1979, section 12(2)(b).
Admiralty practice – Application by mortgagee for sale of vessels pendente lite – Mortgagee obtaining its own valuations and asking that vessels be sold at a certain price to a certain buyer – Whether court should depart from usual order that Admiralty Marshal should sell vessel by appraisement, advertisement and inviting bids.
Charterparty (Time) – Safe port warranty – Hull insurers bringing subrogated claim against charterers for breach of safe port warranty – Whether port of Kashima, Japan was a safe port – Whether unsafety of port caused casualty – Whether hull insurers entitled to bring subrogated claim for value of vessel – Limitation – Interpretation of demise charterparty – Barecon 89 form.
Contract – Sale of goods cif – Formation of contract – Negotiations for sale and purchase of quantity of crude oil mix – Whether binding contract concluded – Whether buyers in repudiatory breach – Whether sellers suffered loss – Whether buyers would have been entitled to reject goods for misdescription – Sale of Goods Act 1979, section 13.
Ex turpi causa – Attribution of fraud – Directors defrauding company – Whether claim by company possible against directors by reason of attribution – Insolvency Act 1986, section 213 – Whether section had extra-territorial effect.
Arbitration – Award – Enforcement – Objection to jurisdiction of arbitrator – Objector not participating in arbitral proceedings – Successful party seeking to enforce award – Objector delaying in challenge to jurisdiction – Whether extension of time should be granted to enable objector to resist enforcement – Arbitration Act 1996, sections 66 and 72.
Commercial agency – Choice of law – Whether court could disregard choice of another law – Rome Convention on Applicable Law 1980, article 7(2) – Mandatory law – Commercial Agents Directive, Council Directive 86/653/EEC.
Arbitration – Application for interim relief – Relief refused by arbitrators – Application made to court – Basis of refusal of relief by arbitrators – Whether interim relief should be granted until arbitrators clarified their reasons for refusing relief – Arbitration Act 1996, section 44.
Insurance (marine) - Confl ict of laws - Settlement contract governed by English law and jurisdiction - Later proceedings in Greece - Whether English proceedings to be stayed - Brussels Judgments Regulation, Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001, articles 27 and 28.
Arbitration – Award – Serious irregularity – Claimant buyers contending that sellers had renounced shipbuilding contracts – Arbitrators dismissing claim on basis that buyers affirmed contract – Buyers challenging award on basis that arbitrators failed to deal with issues that had been put to them – Arbitration Act 1996, section 68.
Banking – Guarantee – Contract for construction and sale of ship – Buyer's bank providing payment guarantee to seller in respect of second instalment of purchase price – Whether guarantee or demand bond.
Banking – Guarantee – Bank paying shipbuilder pursuant to on-demand guarantee in respect of second instalment of purchase price – Arbitrators finding that instalment was not in fact due – Whether payment held by shipbuilder on trust for bank.
 1 Lloyd's Rep. 273
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